Saturday, August 20, 2011

Tree Fungus

Fungi grow on trees both live and on dead wood. They are called scientifically lignicole fungi. They draw their nutrients from the wood all the nutrients they need using specific enzymes to build. The fiber structure of the wood is hereby annulled. The wood is brittle brown or whitish.
In general one can say that fungi are important to us humans when we are able to draw benefits from their biological properties. But some species are also harmful and damaging other living beings (animals, plants, humans) to. Parasitic fungi on the human body, causing skin and hair diseases.

daedalea quercina
Reproduction and growth
Tree Fungi reproduce by spores fruiting bodies that harbor and scatter. They consist of hyphae (hyphae) that the so-called mycelium. These threads of the fungus penetrates into the wood and draws its nutrients, especially cellulozepolyzachcharide and lignin. Minerals, carbohydrates, fats and proteins found only in the fungus the healthy cells of the tree. Via the enzymes, the fungus capable of these substances from the cells to loosen.
Fungi are known as aerobic creatures and thus oxygen. In addition, water and light for the formation of fruiting bodies. Hot wet weather is optimal for them.
Caused by wounds in the bark of the tree fungi penetrate the tree. You only see when the fruiting body is visible. Wood-destroying fungi that weaken the steadfastness of the tree.
The entire process of wood degradation to the death of the tree can take many years - depending on the species and the fungus. Therefore it is important to avoid injuries to trees.

Rot fungi by tree
red - and white rot
We distinguish two types of rot:
In white rot the wood is lighter, fibrous, soft and falls apart into thin sheets.
In the cubic roodrot (fire), the red-brown wood and breaks apart into brown dust.
By removing the fruiting body, the fungus is not removed as a whole.

Nature Art
Tree Fungus can be beautiful and colorful fruiting bodies develop. You can use them with the eye of the tree protector as unwanted parasites, but also as works of nature.


Healing Power of tree fungi
Some fungi are edible tree or be used to cure people. In Chinese medicine since 4000 years fungi have a permanent place. Tree Fungi such as Ling Zhi, China-only old plum trees grow, a certain combination of temperature, moisture and light. Ling zhi
Growing on oak logs shi-take mushroom. He is a good edible fungus and reduces blood fats and flu symptoms. In Asia, he even used in tumor therapy.
Another tree fungus, maitake, lowers blood pressure and blood sugar and also helps with certain types of cancer.

shi-take mushroom-maitakezwam

King of the tree is the healing power of mushrooms Ling Zhi. It is used in China for many ailments: from allergies, heart disease, impotence etc. There are different growth forms. The key is called Rokakushi - growth form since thousands of years works best. Scientific studies have shown that he has an important influence on the human immune system, the liver releases of gifts and increases stress tolerance.
fistulina hepatica
Preference for trees
Some fungi have a preference for certain trees like the mushroom steak (Fistulina hepatica) preferably on old trunks of oak and chestnut trees grow. The Agaricum officinale grows only on conifers, especially larch.
The punk (Fomes fomentarius) we find in living and dead deciduous trees, mainly beech, but also on birch, linden and walnut. It causes white rot.
On oak trunks grow tough, corky mushroom fruiting bodies of the Labyrinth (Deadalea quercina).
Bearer fungus Fomes fomentarius

The Birch Mushroom is both dead and living on birch to find. The tree will die because the birch fungus driven roodrot which causes the wood becomes brittle and disintegrates into powder. He focuses in Northern Europe major damage.
The yellow mushroom crust (Sterum hirsutum) grows like the burnt wood.
To pine and spruce appear in small bundles Spine Vibration mushroom (Pseudohydnum gelatinosum).
On oaks and beeches growing Yellow Vibration mushroom (Tremella mesenterica) with its soft, elastic and jelly-like fruiting body.
On rotten stumps or dead trunks of pine trees you will find bundles of Sparrevlamhoed (Gymnopilus sapineus).
On mossy trunks of fir trees are found in mountain forests bundles of brightly colored wood fungus Metje Xeromphalina Campanella, sometimes hundreds together.
stereum hirsutum pseudohydnum gelatinosum vibrating yellow mushroom
Significance of tree fungi to humans and environment
Like all mushrooms are fungi tree significance because they decomposition processes and chemical reactions take part. They extract oxygen from organic compounds, inorganic compounds which they change. These can then be taken up by plants worden.gymnopilus sapineu
Xeromphalina Campanella

(Tree) fungi are organisms with a long history. They already existed in the Precambrian, an era that hundreds of millions of years behind us. They now have an enormous development. With the rapid development of industry and the exploitation of nature by man for many species extinct. And it goes on.

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