Monday, August 29, 2011

pruning grapes

Grape pruning: pruning the summer and winter pruning

The pruning of vines but also from other fruits is a major surgery on the crops in order to secure the harvest.
For grapes, both in winter (winter pruning) and summer (summer pruning) pruned.
In winter when the vine is at rest we prune woody branches.
In the summer when in full growth, are rather young herbaceous shoots (vines) that we innijpen or insnoeien.
Both are equally important to both cut the same year but also the future to ensure fruit set. Pruning I want to discuss here in summary is here especially voor grapes grown outdoors Word but can also apply to under glass though this earlier (December) pruned to be given. It is especially the pruning of the fruiting wood that I want to explain further.

Winter Pruning of grapes
The winter pruning of the vine is best in January-February.
Early pruning to give a premature leak of the buttons on the young shoots early frost or bones can be fatal, so no recommendation.
Late pruning is bleeding from the grape and Again not recommended result. Large wounds can perfectly recover - only toebranden - so no juice escapes and is rescued vine, this is only an agent-sos, so: better safe than sorry is the message.
Winter pruning is especially necessary to plant a shape (topiary), but also a rich harvest of wealth to obtain fruits (fruit pruning wood).
Most importantly, the annual maintenance pruning or fruit wood, so I gradually, without frills, appropriate and necessary to explain to an optimal yield to come.

The two possible forms of pruning in winter:

1. topiary

A line consists of only one gesteltak that one up lead.
Espalier a frame from 3 to 4 branches per vine. This system branches are 40 - to 50 cm from each other, the latter to provide enough room for them to develop the branches. In this system branches may come later with clusters of grapes on vines.
It always starts from a young plant with a strong throw. This shoot is pruned at 60 cm above the ground. This way, you have 3 to 4 branches that must lead and tie a Espalier or espalier.Every year we zijranken pruning of branches in new frame on a pair of eyes and verlengenis also pruned every year to 60 cm in order to obtain sufficient shoots. The pruning of the extension stops until our gesteltak the vine has reached the desired height. These form the final frame later branches of the vine is the backbone and those many years will determine the shape.
2. Maintenance pruning and fruiting wood
When the vine has its final shape, we need the leaders every year to prune fruit we get and the vine within certain limits. A vine before pruning looks quite disorganized in summer especially when no pruning is applied.

We start cutting down the leaders and best way to the top of the vine until its final height.

Any side shoots are pruned to gesteltak at 2 to 4 eyes.Depending on the species (Boskoop Glory: 2 - White and Van der Laan 4 eyes). From these eyes occur during the growing season new shoots that may have come bunches.

Too old and badly placed branches, we cut away to a stump. Diseased or dead branches cut away so that we can form a source of later disease. When we cut to a stump, however, with tiny eyes and being at rest or "sleeping eye" new shoots or branches arise, which brings about rejuvenation of the vine! When the vine is pruned properly are the leaders of the small side branches visible
There you are now the cutting material and cleaning and dropping off our vine looks a lot different, mainly cleaned and tidy, but now hope for a hot summer with lots and hopefully delicious grapes immediately within reach.
Summer pruningSummer pruning in grapes is necessary to:

the vine to keep compact (rank of 4 m are not uncommon).
the clusters can therefore develop optimal
The grapes may be the right light more mature
because the vine can be less fluffy fungal action (rot)
Pruning:During the development of the branches it cuts it to two leaves beyond the bunch. It is possible that multiple clusters on a vine out. It retains only the cluster that is closest to the gesteltak. Branches which no cluster is present, cut it to 40 cm. The axillary shoots of the two upper leaves arise as new shoots that can always cut back to a leaf. Only the extension of the still young to form gesteltak be left alone.

From the axils of the leaves are again two shoots that can in turn shorten up on the first page.
Summer pruning is every week to fourteen days to happen to the growth and flowering and harvest under control!

No comments:

Post a Comment