Friday, August 26, 2011

Red currants Ribes rubrum

Currant Ribes rubrum or even red berry, or gin called trosbes

Or currants Ribes rubrum
Family: Grossulariaceae or Ribesfamilie

Delicious sweet and sour berries with a bomb of vitamins known as currants and berries also called cluster.

They are easy plants in Western Europe and their origin have little care questions. It is therefore highly recommended that any soft fruit or vegetable garden with small fruit would be missing. Bunch Berries are monoecious with male and female flowers occur on the same plant. So suffice even a berry bush to harvest. The red berries bloom from mid-April and are pollinated by bees and other insects. The bushes are also up to 180 cm high, making them an ideal viewing screen from plants and wind can form around your vegetable garden.
And shrub planting:
Buy healthy plants at least 3 strong branches constitution. Currant bushes of it is best planted in autumn or possibly in early spring. Plant a few in a row and a spot in full sun or partial shade. Plant the bushes a few centimeters deep as they previously were in the pot or open ground so they can anticipate. After planting the soil firmly and water well. Fit the bottom of a layer of straw or mulch.
In the spring you can prune the shrubs in four to five shoots and you may then also halved. Bring some extra food in the spring around the bushes in the form of eg a layer of compost. By mixing compost into the soil, the soil also suddenly able to hold moisture better and keep it currant bushes. Then you have these shrubs are not much work except the end of May to provide a bird netting so it does not fly with the berries. Red berries attract birds that simply delicious fruit also manage to taste. When planting translucent white berries with their fruits you will suffer less from bird predation a finding. The birds marks the transparent ripe fruits much less quickly. White currants are also a bit sweeter than red cultivars. There are also black currant (Ribes petraeum), but they are not good for your fingers to eat. They are very suitable for making preserves, jam or jelly.

The yield per bush can quickly increase to 5 to 10 liters. Such a rich harvest berries can be very difficult and only in the vegetable drawer of the fridge you can keep them just three days. Fortunately there are many delicious dishes that these berries can be used such as cakes, pies, desserts or for juice. Are there too, you know that after the harvest they can also suddenly freeze.
Pick the berries until they are sufficiently suit. The taste is much better. When all bunches harvested pluck off and discard the berries you post the stalks.
Straight hedge or espalier form:

Currant bush without any worry and grow, but many fans also plant them along a cord known as espalier or hedge straight shape.
The planting distance in the row is 1m, while it maintains three main branches per tree than the one that will tie wires.
Espalier advantage of this is that the berries ripen better and more evenly. In addition, they are easier to pick.
After harvesting the plants can be rejuvenated by the oldest or inward-growing branches cut away. Allow a maximum of ten sturdy shoots.

Diseases and pests of currants:
Birds: bird nets protect the harvest.
Rhopalosiphoninus ribesinus is a blight that causes leaves to curl or brownish red bumps on the top of the leaves. This growing tips often die off. Affected shoots can be best to cut off the attack.

Propagation of currants:
Red berries increase is fairly easy through winter cuttings or by a young shoot to lead to the bottom and possibly in shallow carving where the branch touches the ground. This place you then cover with a layer of soil so that even in the summer and nice and moist root formation can take place. In the following spring you can afsnoeien twig and plants at the desired location.

Some varieties of Ribes rubrum:
Most breeds have their origin in the Netherlands where they have been established since the year 1500.
The differences between the races are not very large only the time of ripening and harvesting are slightly apart. Therefore one often speaks of early and late varieties. By using different varieties to plant, harvest the spread between mid-June and early September.

Some early varieties (early June)

Ribes rubrum 'Esquire van Tets': Very early. Very strong plant with long racemes of sweet red berries.
Ribes rubrum 'Red Vierlander': Well-branched plants with high yield. Sweet and sour red berries on long trusses.
Ribes rubrum 'White Pearl': White very sweet berries in medium clusters.

Some breeds middentijdse (mid July)

Ribes rubrum 'Red Lake': red berries. Variety with a high production.
Ribes rubrum 'Stanza', by wearing long red berries.
Ribes rubrum 'White Grape': White berries
Ribes rubrum 'Witte Hollander': white currants with high berry production

Some late varieties (from late July - early August)

Ribes rubrum 'Around': Strong plants with large bunches of dark red berries.
Ribes rubrum 'Rebel Round': Large red berries on medium clusters.
Ribes rubrum 'Rosetta': Red berry with high production.

Ribes rubrum in other languages​​:
Dutch: Red berries or berries bunch
German: Rote Johannisbeere
English: Red currant
Swedish: Röda Vinbar
French: Groseilles rouges
Finnish: Punainen hollantilainen
Italian: Ribes rosso
Portuguese Grosellas rojas

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