Cherries: All information on the species, planting, pruning, harvesting, ...All information on cherry trees.
Cherry:Prunus avium (sweet cherry) ---> - = avium loved by birds.Prunus cerasus (sour cherries)
Origin: Europe and Asia.rose flower - Rosaceae (stone fruit)
Races: From Bigarreau, Hedelfinger, Castor, Early Rivers, Lapins, Meikers, Oktavia, Regina, Schneider, Skeena, Spanish handsome cherry, Sumtare, Sunburst, Sylvia, F121 or wild species, seedlings, ...
Low stemmed: 0.5 meters (stem height).
Half standard: 1.1 meters (stem height).
Coasts to 1.8 meters tall (stem height).
The plantput must be at least 1.5 times and 2 times as deep as wide.Give this a good compost with moderate-rotted manure.Note the height of the graft (must be visible).Provide a good watering during planting so the roots can be ground fine between the coils. Give the next day extra water.Then we can next year with a little organic fertilizer produced. Too much nitrogen would quickly lead to disease and rapid growth or decline.Mulching can always, but it should be taken into account the tree level to avoid diseases (distance).
Distances that must be respected:
- 2 to 3 meters for low strains. (Easy picking)- 3 to 5 meters for half tribes.- 10 meters at 12 or more for high strains. (Difficult picking)
All distances are averages, since they depend on their type and rootstock.
Tip: when you buy saplings, you better 1/3rd of the roots cut back foot.- Prune back branches on March 1 inch range. ---> Prune 'only in planting, growing in the winter from November to March.
Furthermore, there is actually more of a maintenance pruning:- Game store ever back as far as pruning.- Inward growing branches or branches are completely pruned steep.- Remove dead branches.- Pruning back to a more blunt, blind eyes are less active, and "gums" remains earlier.- Let air and light in the head, exposure to the lower branches.- Pruning prevents explosive fruit set, but gives thicker fruits.
Pollination:- Done in advance by cross-pollination. Make sure you like planting flowering varieties for good pollination. In the early bloomers may possibly damage caused by frost.- The cherry is monoecious: ie insects are needed to obtain fruit set.- Mail steward Maurice: suitable for pollinators and possibilities in your garden.
Flowering: April - May
Harvesting:Species from early June, later in July.Harvest hesitantly, not pull pieces of the branches! This would inevitably lead to disease and damage in the first fruit set.Possible colors of the fruit: yellow, red to dark red, purple, orange ,....Later cherries (winter), are mainly from Australia and America and Turkey.
TIP: Consider radiation fields (nuclear fall-out areas)! Health above all else here.Cherries may only contain certain values of radiation, but are still too large daily quantities measured.
Rings or cuts of the tree:This technique is only used to increase fruit set to obtain. This respect the right data to the optimum assimilates to influence.
Important for cultivation in greenhouses, trees should be here shortly and branched for maximum efficiency. Today there are already many low strains grown in greenhouses to bird predation and disease is prevented. Disadvantage is that the conservatory can be used much more, and that intense maintenance. (Water, fertilizer, light, insects use ,...) are also sometimes grown under plastic.
Grafting on rootstock:This is the best time in August.Do this at least 2 years old seedlings.We take a entmes a piece of bark with cambium ± 3 cm tissue which is a leaf bud and place it in the appropriate seedling using a T-shaped incision in the bark to the cambium layer.You can then ligation with raffia or afsmeren with grafting wax (hot or cold).If the graft is triggered, you will see that the petiole to the button will fall off.If the petiole is dried and remains, the graft may have failed.
Facts:When we plant the saplings good at tying a tie pole, but do not foresee too much space between pole and bark as possible for strong winds can cause damage. Use neoprene or bicycle tires to bind.Plant the graft or compensating for low strains, spindle, or palmette, not too deep. (Hand height above ground)Plant the trees as deep as they were originally in the field of the breeder or containerpot were for storage.Seedlings and wild species bloom only after 3 to 5 years.Moderate and give weaker rootstocks on the whole fruit faster 2 years.Know that cherries do not tolerate wet soils.A sweet cherry is larger than a sour cherry tree.Buy species that provide fruit are less likely to burst.
Prunus avium 'Plena'gum
Prunus avium 'Plena' is pretty sweet cherry, which did not give fruit set, and adorns the streets everywhere, and plantations.Provide a planting more in the direction of the wind, so the insects easier way to find the tree. Fruit set will also be better if a good setup was chosen.Pruning stone fruit sometimes leads to "erase" some bacterial diseases such as cancer, the chance to develop.Inrotting of wood can occur in older trees, which may be dangerous to harvest (tall). Here, the most commonly applied system for some branches to maintain a ladder as possible.
- Blossom mortality or Monilia laxa- Aphids.- Fruit rot or Monilia fructigena- Shothole- Cracks (no disease, previous water problem), buy more resistant species.- Bacteria Cancer (avoid sanding through wounds, pruning or wrongly). About Carriers of this disease are: Hawthorn, Pyracantha, pear, apple, rowan ,....- Eaten by birds. Cover with netting or planting under plastic or conservatory.
Nutrients: approximately 50 calories, proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamin C (much), calcium, iron, ...
Kitchen applications:Pickled cherries in brandy or cognac, cherry pie, beer applications, pancakes with cherries ,....
Industry: cherry stones are used for pillows to fill them.
Tip: Always buy fresh fruit is not bruised, cherries there not long shelf life. Mold rapid onset of crushed cherries.Wash them thoroughly with cold water before removing the stem.Store them carefully on a kitchen towel and dish and put them in the refrigerator.