Saturday, September 3, 2011


Plums in the garden: species, pruning, planting, fertilizing, harvesting, diseases

Plum tree (Prunus)
Species:Altesse Simple, Anna Späth, Avalon, Belle de Thuin, Bleue de Belgique, Early Laxton, Elena, Cape plum, Mirabelle de Metz, Opal, Prune the Prince, Queen Victoria, Reine Claude, Ruth Barley Etter, Sainte Catherine, St. Katrien, Valor , Violetta, Wignon ...
Prunus ---> - Belongs to the Rosaceae subfamily with the stone fruits. The plum tree is a close relative of our apricot.The plum varieties are mainly derived from the Asian region and Japan, China and Southern Russia.
Classification of types: Ordinary plums, Japanese plums, Mirabelle, sugar plums (Reine plums), or myrobalan plum, plum hurt.
Plums are monoecious early bloomers that are pollinated by insects. Another plum tree that was planted in the neighborhood, always ensuring a better fruit set. Note simultaneous dilations at planting, you put together the right kinds. Warm dry days leading to good fertilization relative humidity and freezing temperatures.
Method of planting:Stem low, half-standard, tall.

Low stemmed varieties are bred and half tribe of Saint Julien A.
The tall varieties are then grafted on the type of Brompton.
Location:Well tolerate sun to partial shade. Well-drained soils are recommended with a neutral pH. Can still slightly alkaline. Too high pH values ​​often lead to deficiencies in the soil such as manganese and iron deficiency.
The best planting occurred about November to March. November Plantations provide a better success rate of regrowth.

Tribal Layer: up to 4 meters away from.
Half Tribes: up to 6 meters spaced.
Strains high: up to 10 meters spacing.
Construction of the tree:This tree is usually placed at four branches constitution, as it usually has such enormous dimensions. They must then be distributed around the trunk. (Not from a point on the trunk of view). -> Inevitably leads to tearing of fruiting!
At first we put the steep batches from a wider until we "crown" to obtain. This will make light and air into the top left, which later will be of great importance for the fruit. Weaker stems are bent, if they have not had to stand flat.
Central leader or tribe is in stone fruit cut back to fourth.By the severe pruning back the outward buds will grow stronger. (The correct pruning branches readily accessible than a length of 1 to 2 meters).
Note competing modes near the central leader, they are irrevocably pruned to 10 cm high and then tied to the normal central leader.
Pruning:Plum Boots can 1 to 2 times per year to be pruned, depending on the purpose. The best time for this is from from April to September. Note: pruning in the winter periods can lead to death!
When pruning a slight let's stump are also sometimes called a targeted rate.
We especially pruning suckers, broken branches, dead branches, inward growing branches, storage and steep branches.
We then reduce to low hanging fruit in wood.
Try always possible to disinfect tools to work with a well set and knife, or saw or shears. That the wounds as small as possible. The tearing of the bark is otherwise inevitable and can provide appropriate diseases or fungi. Wound mounting media such as cold or hot grafting wax is vital. Reine Victoria is particularly sensitive. (Galena Disease).
Summer allows for pruning:Here we pay attention mainly to strong growth rugscheuten not lignified, these cuts we are completely gone. Like carrot storage should be as low as possible removed. Beware of root damage, otherwise they lead to more basal shoots.
Neglected trees can be pruned, with a new building years.
What we should notice is the pruning of fruit on year old wood, this should never happen all at once, otherwise the trunk will be bald. Bare branches leading to sensitization of strong sunshine!
A simple lighting makes all the way for stronger pruning new shoots, especially on the backs of the remaining branches.
Fertilization:Organic fertilizers can be given in the spring, beautiful shoots and fruits to develop. A healthy shoot length of 20 cm per year is normal.If no regular fertilization is used, we obtain a weaker growth with smaller fruits as a result.Mulching can, but one must always keep plenty of space and distance from the rootstock.

Make sure the fruit stem to pluck it, otherwise they dry out much faster and moldy.
Just pick the ripe fruit, unripe plums will rot.
Note that you do not branch with leaves or pieces afplukt, as these contain the fruit bags for offspring.
There are too many immature plums were picked, one can still make jam.
More than ever the rotten and fallen plums, these concerns only for fungi and insects, ...

hunger, disease, plum


Plum sawfly (especially in mature specimens).
Made plums.
Aphids and dopluis.
Wood beetles.
Plum Hunger Disease.
Lead Gloss Mold.
Bacterial cancers.
Moniliaschimmel sometimes called fruit rot.
Smoke Grey.
Leaf spot disease.
Witches Broom Disease.
Root Nematodes.
RGF: Resources Genetiques Fruitieres either relatively resistant varieties against fungal infections.
---> - This designation is important in your planting!

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