Sunday, September 4, 2011

Figs in the garden plant

Figs in the garden plants: species of figs and their propertiesChoose the appropriate fig tree for your garden.
Origin of the fig treeThe fig tree is afkomstiguit the Mediterranean where its fruits have been eaten since ancient times.
There are over 750 varieties of figs, but not all small group of us who give figs every summer climate ripe worden.De only requirement is that you give him a place value fig tree has enough warmth and sunshine available.
The fig tree with its large edible fruit (Ficus carica) is like most fruit-bearing fruits from the intersection of several wild species.
In the example of fig is Ficus pseudo-carica, Ficus palmata, Ficus afghanistana ... Whether it is a shrub or tree will depend on its origin. Figs have small or large lobed leaves deeply cut leaves.
The fig is native to the Mediterranean where it is grown for its delicious fruits. In our area, provided they succeed to plant them in a protected and sunny spot. They shall indicate in the warmer regions fruits twice a year. With us are harvested in the summer fruit in autumn are formed and developed in the spring.
PitchThe fig tree is a sun-loving species, which in our climate, the warmest and most sunny place required to so by the winter wood are hard to get off, and his fruit to ripen. In an ideal position against a south wall planted each year will produce fruit of excellent quality and some species are even half harvest at the end of the summer business.
AcidityThe desired pH at large fig trees varies according to variety and also according to the chosen methods of cultivation. Overall we can say that they like an alkaline soil. In a dry and nutrient-poor soil, its growth is slower, but solid wood and lignified time to protect themselves against our winters.
Our nursery is working actively for several years to evaluate the varieties that are best adapted to our climate. Among the approximately 750 species that we now count, there are few who do very well with us.
Soil RequirementsThe fig tree prefers light soils, slightly calcareous, well drained, rich in minerals and nutrient poor. As for the other types of fruits from the Mediterranean area, the soil under the plant so that the dark soil remain naked at night the stored solar heat back releases. The soil should also stay dry on the surface, on which naturally occurs at the base of a wall, aimed at the south. Long-lasting high water table can be disastrous consequences for the winter months make.
Planting PeriodFig trees we can buy in garden centers are sold and therefore these containerpot in all seasons, outside of periods of great prince planted. The roots for 24 hours immersion in water so that the planting is successful. With a soggy lump of the plant can not dry out rapidly by any drier soil where the plant is planted.

figs containerpot
Water NeedsAlthough very resistant to lengthy rain periods like the fig tree, however deep and well drained soils, where he water wells that he needs his fruit good vormen.Het first year after planting, one will have to pour when we leaves look depend . He'll be a deep and extensive root system that will allow him to get water where it is located. But be careful, because as will also be true for cherries, "an excess of water at the time of ripening, the fruit will crack.
PruningWhen you get pruning the deadwood from the tree branches pruned away, and further still to the plant in its cup shape. Pruning of fig tree is best used from late November to January when all the leaves have fallen there. Too late to prune the fig tree will bleed. When pruning branches are hollow separating a white milky sap that it can irritate the eyes or hands. If you prune excess branches off the plant many new forms of long branches in our climate overwinteren.Zijn hard wood is very smooth and it is therefore easy to support its branches against a guide.
FertilizationIn the Mediterranean region where figs grow the flowers naturally pollinated by a very small vijgewespje. Unfortunately it is too cold in our region this wespje to survive. To still figs in our climate, the growers to obtain parthenocarpic species developed. Parthenocarpic means that the plants develop fruit without fertilization in sight. This is called sometimes a virgin fruit setting. An advantage of this virgin fruiting varieties is that they are free of pits.
Here are the best varieties for our climate: Grosse Brune d'EnghienPerfectly hardy (to -15 °) and very fertile. Under our climatic conditions are ripe fruits from early August each summer. When we have a very hot summer, it can even give a second crop around the end of September. A mature plant produces annually a hundred fruits as big as a small pear. Precoce de BordeauxVariety that is very hardy (to -19 °) and also very fertile. When the winter is not too severe, he was 1 / 1 indicate harvest from the month of June. The fruits are small but very tasty. It is the earliest of the 28 varieties of fig trees we grow and the last, his second harvest begins around the end of October. Hardy ChicagoAmerican exceptionally hardy breed. After a very cold winter where temperatures dropped to -42 ° in Chicago this variety is the only one from the ground teruguitschoot in spring and in September of that year yielded ripe fruit. The variĆ«teitis very suitable for areas where winters are very severe and where the common fig tree can not survive. Del PortogalloFor city gardens, this variety is a must. We recommend these very large variety of fruits and 120 g heavy produces figs. The first harvest is ripe in early July and a second harvest in September. Rouge de BordeauxA small fig tree in a tub can be maintained (ideal for a patio, balcony or small garden). We recommend this variety ripens in September.

Rouge de Bordeaux
Other varieties of figs:

Alain Empain
Blanche d'Argenteuil
Bornholm's Diamond
Brown Turkey
Early Violet
Green Ischia
L.S.U. Purple
Madeleine des Deux Saisons
Pingo de Mel
Precoce the Dalmatia
Tennesse Mountain
Texas Everbearing
Violet d'Argenteuil

1 comment:

  1. Hello I am searching for the variety Grosse brune d'enghien. Do you have a tree of this variety? If so would you be willing to sell cuttings? I am interested in adding it to my French fig collection. Thanks a bunch,