Saturday, September 3, 2011

types of berries

There are many different types of berries

There are many small fruit and the varieties and each year it introduced a new hybrid. Most of them do not really break through, but some, such as loganberries, have been a conquered own place in the orchard. Often the hybrids to the intersections between blackberries and raspberries. Well known are the currants, red, white and black currant.

Red currant (Ribes rubrum)
This species likes light, humus-rich soil that may contain some calcium. All varieties are self-pollinating. They bloom in April-May The harvest of the bunches of red berries in fall from June to July and differ by race. The shrubs should be pruned properly. They bear fruit on short side branches to the twigs and branches, the fruiting wood. Good varieties that have proved their worth, for example, "Esquire van Tets '(large, deep red, firm berries),' Stanza '(large, dark, free sour berries)," Rotet' (large clusters of bright red berries), 'Around' (dark red, firm, free sour berries), 'Rosetta' (large, bright red berries).

White currant (Ribes rubrum)
This is a white variant of the red berry that is generally less acidic fruit. The aroma is slightly finer. One advantage is that the berries are not easy to spot birds. They can buff color of the fruit of the magazine distinguished. Good varieties are 'White Pearl' (juicy, yellow-white berries) and "White Dutchman '(pale yellow, sweet berries). The fruits of the white berry are generally slightly smaller than the red berry and some more vulnerable.

Black currant (Ribes nigrum)
This is clearly a different kind than the white and red currant. The black currant grows like in heavier soil. The bushes bloom in April-May and give strong dark fruit bunches to the one-and two-year wood. The shrubs should be pruned differently than the red and white berry. Older branches are removed each year. The fruits of cassis made ​​known. Fresh is not good, but delicious jams. Good varieties are fairly late flowering 'Black Reward' (the fruit in this race until July-August harvest maturity), 'Baldwin' (quite late harvesting) and the former 'Wellington XXX' (harvest in June-July). The vitamin C content of blackcurrants is very high. "Tenah 'and' Tsema 'are harvested early.

Gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa)
The gooseberries grow like to nutritious, humus-rich soil. They can tolerate some light shade and cooler stand. Choose as many or few varieties not susceptible to mildew (the great plague of gooseberries). There are varieties with green (white) and red fruits. The taste of ripe fruit is generally full and delicious. Also, the gooseberry is unclear origin, there is no wild type was known. The plants flower in April, the harvest starts in July-August and slightly varies by race. Good red varieties include 'Achilles' (purple), "Rosko" (bright red, almost hairless fruits) and 'Whinham's Industry' (dark red, very hairy). A good white (green) variety 'White Smith. 'Golda' is yellow, rather smooth berries.

Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
This kind of acidic ground, is also called American Blueberry or Blueberry. They are beautiful shrubs that even a brilliant fall color development. The plants are blueberry-like berries, but three times as large as those of our native blueberry (Vaccinium mytillus). The bushes in some breeds may be two meters high. The harvest starts in July-August-September, flowering in May-June. They pollinate themselves. The color of the fruit varies from light to dark race. Good varieties include the early harvest ripe "Weymouth", "Bluetta ',' Earliblue 'and' Spartan '. Ripens a little later, "Ama" (Herma 1) and 'Coville' is a late variety. Some varieties should be harvested regularly since the ripe fruits fall easily.

Bilberry / cranberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)These blueberry-like plant is native to northwestern Europe and grows in acid soil. The shrubs are evergreen. The red berries are from September to November at the plant. The rather inconspicuous flowers falls in May The berries are up to jam and jelly processing. A good variety is' Perle d'Amour ".Cranberry / cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)This plant in North America is bewildered at the islands of Terschelling and Vlieland. There is even a whole industry has sprung up based on these berries in the nature of the dune valleys are harvested. The flowering in June-July. The berries are harvested in September-October. The plant grows well on calcareous sandy soil. The berries are used primarily in jams, compotes and the like processed and red meats in sauce as given.
Blackberries (Rubus fruticosus)Blackberries grow well in any average garden soil. There are very thorny and thornless varieties. The branches and twigs should be guided. The flowering period of May-June to July to August. The fruits of the harvest times vary. 'Black Satin' is an early bloomer from July to October fruits. The yield is pretty decent. "Himalaya" is growing very strongly and also delicious fruits from July to September. The thornless 'Thornless Evergreen' large fruit can be picked from August. "Thor Free 'is a late variety (harvested in September-October), whose branches are quite fragile.
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)This is a native species that is grown for many centuries. The plants are usually guided by wires, where the shoots are tied against it. Every year new fruiting shoots appear from the ground. The old annual shoots are pruned away. The plants may be far from the roots 'run away'. The bloom of summer raspberries falls in May-June, from autumn raspberries in July. Good varieties are the early 'Glen Clova' (harvest in July-August), the middentijdse "Jochems Fame '(August-September) and the slightly later' Schönemann (late August to September. There are also varieties with different fruit colors, such as the yellow 'Fall Gold' whose major fruits harvested in August. A good herfstras is "Heritage" (harvest in September-October), but the autumn races "Zeva Herbsternte 'and' Baron de Wavre" are widely cultivated.

Japanese wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
This species grows about as a burr with long branches with red glandular hairs making it a very decorative plant. You can use the branches and tying the best result. The plant can be very high. Clusters of white flowers appear in June, then the fresh-tasting, hollow fruit that you can pick from July to August. They shape with blackberries or raspberries think. The Japanese wineberry likes moist but well drained and fertile soil.

Strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa)
When the strawberries you can choose from several groups: delicious tasting wild strawberries, once bearing races and fruits are carriers until the frost. Also, extra strong trailing varieties like 'Ostara' is offered as climbing strawberry. The choice of breeds is enormous. Once-bearing varieties (harvest in June-July) include "Gorella ',' Elvira ',' Senga Sengana 'and late (July)" Tago "and" Bogota ". Good bearers include 'Rapella' and 'Ostara'. You can choose to taste the best races. Which varies widely, as the fruit size.

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