Saturday, September 3, 2011

Quinces, mulberries, and other old medlar fruit

Fruit varieties of the past:

Not so long ago were at each farm a few types of fruit: apples, pears, cherries, plums, etc. Most of them were tall form, because the calves ran on the grass below. Because caring for the young stock usually up to the farmer's wife, was a meadow and so the orchard, located close to home. For our present gardens, fruit trees are those tall, too big, so many varieties on rootstocks grafted to more modest growth. A big advantage of a permanently smaller tree (or even a shrub) that is much earlier than the plant blooms and fruits. There must be many kinds of fruit such as apples and pears, which is mature for his first. And it takes longer if you first need to grow bigger.

There are also lovely, old, other fruit
Of apples, pears, plums etc. are hundreds of old varieties often delicious fruit, but commercially not interesting anymore. So these are really nice liefhebbersrassen.Heel to choose and to preserve such a wonderful, sometimes hundreds of years old race to work, but there's more.
Total other fruit tree shapes with an equally long history often also require attention:

     The white mulberry (Morus alba) is the fruit tree on which the silkworms are bred. This species comes from China, but since the 17th century in Europe were planted. The fruits are small, white to pinkish in color and sweet they taste deliciously fresh. A big advantage of white over the black mulberry (M. nigra, from West Asia) is that the fruit is much less dye and therefore do not stain when they (over ripe) waste. The trees bloom in May, the fruits ripen in July. Horizontal espalier mulberries are often pruned and managed.

The quince (Cydonia oblonga) you know from southern Europe and the famous kweepeerjam, but also in our country, the quince has grown since Roman times. The fruits (harvested in October) can apple or pear shape, they are just cooked edible (and delicious sauce is very good in applesauce), and as they mature a golden yellow color. The fruit smells delicious. Kweepeerbomen let themselves easily lead. They like sun and moist soil. Good varieties of quince include 'Champion', 'Portugal' and 'Vranja. They bloom in May-June. Many hawthorn rootstock grafted on quince.
 The medlar (Mespilus germanica) is an ancient vegetable crop that is already in prehistoric time from Persia came to us. The Romans planted them around with their camps. You can use them as a shrub and tree crown buy. If trees are thornless and are 4-6 m high. Medlars bloom in May-June with large, prominent, white flowers. In October, the fruit is picked green and stored until browned and soft. Then they are edible (for making mispeljam). The special taste is beyond compare. Medlar Medlar is.

September Garden Tips

     Plant evergreen shrubs now, trees and hedges.

     Time for lawn restoration: seed bare spots in.

     Over faded summer flowers and plant containers and bare patches border again with species that still thrive, such as asters, Japanese anemones and Liriope.

     This month all plant snowdrops and crocuses.

     Part early flowering perennials and plant the young edge pieces again (or improve the ground first).

     Seeds collected from dead flowers. Dry them and store them in acid-free paper envelopes.

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