Gooseberries grow, kinds, fruit, fertilization, pruning, planting, propagation, diseasesGooseberry: Ribes uva-crispa L.Types: There are over 150 known species.Increasingly, there is only offered mildew tolerant species.These are eg.: Abundance, Black Velvet, Captivator, Germania, Glendale, Green Sheet, Hinnonmaen, Keltainen, Houghton, Invicta *, Jahn's Prariebes, Josselyn, Jubilee, Captain, Karpaty, Korsun, Izvienickij, Krosien, Lepan Punainen, Mark, Martlet , Mc.Ginnis, MG2, MG3, MG4, Mercur Ines, Oregon, Pankiw, Remarka *, Resistenta, Reverta, Rexrot, Risulfa, Rixanta, Robustenta, Rochus, Red Eve, Roi, Rokula, Rolonda *, Sabine, Sebastian, Selby, Shefford, Siewka, Free Spin, Sutton, Thoreson, Welcome, Worcester.* = These species provide the biggest benefits.Origin: especially in North Africa and Europe, Central and South America, ...Flowering and pollination:- The Gooseberry is a hermaphroditic or monoecious and is pollinated by insects.- Cross-pollination can not do it. (According to Variety).- The flowers have a slightly green in color and have 4 to 5 fused sepals or calyx.- And 4-5 fused petals, or petals.- 4 to 5 Stamina (stamens).- Flowering is early spring (sometimes performs on frost damage). ---> - Possibly. opt for late bloomers.Fruit:Mixed controls provide only 1 or 2 berries that ripen to yellow, green, red and sometimes purple in color.Taste depends on the species. Maturity from about 15 June to mid September. Unripe fruits can be processed into jam.Fruits are high in pectin, and this was therefore planted. The best types are: Industry and White Smith.Location:The Gooseberry under a large tree can be planted in partial shade as well. Sometimes there is a growing consideration under plastic covers.There may be small hedges or borders are filled with. Sunny locations are also perfectly, and give a little earlier or ripe fruits.Tip: for a staggered harvest a plant in full sun and a plant in partial shade. (Distribution is then up to 3 weeks)Moist sunny places can not easily lead to mildew. (If this were not resistant).To sunlight can cause sunburn. (Breed).Fertilization:They are quick growers who thrive on almost all types of soils.Preferences are with soil enriched with plenty of humus.Slow-acting organic fertilizer to give their food slowly and the plant will benefit the soil structure.As a soil conditioner, you may well rotted manure or compost use.Apply the compost or manure to continue in the spring.Weed suppressing compost works and provides a good moisture in the soil.Calculation of good fruits at 14 grams. Potassium per square meter. ---> Ordinary compost cover these deficits.Wood ash can and contains about 33% calcium, 10 Potash, Magnesium 5%. Please note the large presence of calcium, this should be considered at the next scale donation.Mulching:Mulching can but still keep a distance from the trunk to avoid disease.Hoeing should be carefully done because the roots are immediately to the surface.Pruning:In younger shrubs are pruned back a strong effect. ie.: trim back to 10 cm. always with an eye outward.The year that follows it are soon strong branches, which we left with the four best. (Rest pruning).Provide a note that the branches 25 to 35 cm. stand apart. This provides much air and light between the branches.You know: benefits, only for wood that formed the previous year and older wood. It is important to always get refreshed young wood. Branches or spores "bones" that hardly grow.Fruit thinning is done automatically by winter pruning.Storage root pruning to keep coming back to the root.Drooping branches are pruned with an eye upward, so that hanging fruit hangs against the ground.Lots of water or upright shoots that provide little useful buttons are pruned away anyway.Provide year by year, enough space between the branches, in order to ensure a smooth harvest. The mold gives the best chance to develop.Ribes odoratumOnderstam: there are real roots and refined kinds of species offered.
grafting can: Ribes odoratum, Ribes Josta Berry.
graft at 1 meter ---> Support the trunk with a stick or pole.Plants: respect a plant distance of at least 1.5 to 2 meters.In case of eentakkers 70 cm, 90 cm tweetakkers, drietakkers 120 cm.Plant around the end of October to March and place in a deep soil processed. Provide plenty of compost and well rotted manure in the plantput. Plant not too deep, this will only suckers or root storage.Possible forms: shrub, cord (Gordon) or at small strain (about 15 cm).Neglected in plants: two cutting operations about two years:
1st year ---> - remove dead branches. - Long branches (eg hanging to the ground.) Shorten to 30 cm. - Keep up to about 5 branches, so that can be an easy pick.
Next winter, new shoots formed to replace older branches. ---> Also make regular pruning.Multiply:Prunings can always be used for cuttings.Gooseberries of American origin to be easier than other types of cuttings.Late August to September is best suited for cuttings.A summer cutting is a twig about 20 cm with about 5 eyes and at least a thickness of 5mm.
Remove all eyes on the last 2 post.
Leave only two leaves on the stalk standing (to remove residual).
rooting quickly find place (usually the winter).Winter Cuttings can also ---> March, April planting.Cuttings can open ground or container. Rooting powder is not necessary. Provide a good compost mixed with sand with enough moisture for a good success rate.Diseases:Berries Glass Butterflyberry glass butterfly caterpillar
American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca uvae spillage).
Ordinary mildew -> white lint on plant ---> sulfur treatment or basalt or use horsetail.
Sawfly ---> leafs ---> typical leaf perforation ---> use Pyrethrum.
Gooseberry Aphid (Aphys grossulariae).
Mite Gooseberries (Ribes Bryobia).
Red spider mite
Gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) ---> gray mold on leaves and fruit: pruning diseased parts and certainly not komposteren.
Luis root ---> aphids suck sap from the roots ---> Tagetes (Marigold, stinkertjes) planting!
Kruisbessenfruitmot ---> caterpillars crawling in bay, which then faded (rapid recognition).
Berries Glass Butterfly ---> worms dig holes in the branches.
Rust ---> leaf and stem exhibit yellow-orange spots, treated with a sulfur-containing product.
Fungi: anthracnose or leaf fall disease caused by or Gloecospridiella Drepanopeziza Ribes Ribes.
black spots on leaves, or white powder on young twigs.
Remove diseased parts.
click here for resistant species.