Plant nomenclature is an international scientific naming of plants and plant groups. (= Taken name, Calar = vomiting).
In ancient times named one plant with a family name that was descriptive and for this long and used the Latin and Greek. Theophrastus (4th century BC.) Organizes plants according striking morphological features. Disappeared after the use of Greek names for plants and was used more Latin.
In the Middle Ages is the arrangement of plants according to the medicinal properties of plants (herbals) and religious use scientific names in Latin. (From the year 500 to 1500 AD).
The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the founder of the current naming of plants and in 1753 gave an important book, namely the "Species Plantarum". Each plant will play a two-part name consisting of a genus and a species designation.
The priority principle ensures that each plant had only one correct and valid scientific names may possess and this is the first legal name after 1753 always prevail. Other scientific names for plants than the one synonymous names.
Important advantages of using scientific names are:
- Only one name for a plant species. It prevents misunderstandings.
- Universal botanists and professionals from all over the world to use.
- Mutual relationship is easy to see. Example, Prunus domestica (plum), Prunus persica (peach), Prunus armeniaca (apricot), Prunus triloba (almond tree) and Prunus dulcis (almond) all belong to the genus Prunus (stone fruits =). All stone fruits belong to the same plant family. See "Fruits and plant family (A-M)"
- Point to a feature often, such as medicinal, edible, color, aroma and use. See significance of scientific (genus) names and generic names. See also explanatory dictionary of plants: ABC of Latin plant. Meaning of botanical plant names. Forgotten history or vegetables are back!
- Telling sometimes something of the origin, such as = sibirica from Siberia come
- It's easy to additional information via the Internet and a plant catalog to search.