Aquatic pond plants often called, simply because we do mostly in ponds to apply, I think. Not all pond plants. In a pond with carp species are plants rather a delicacy on the menu and plantations are mostly useless. But in any other pond plants form an absolute necessity to achieve a biological equilibrium!
So Aquatic plants growing in or under water. This category includes floating plants, underwater plants, bog plants and water lilies. Oxygen Plants are usually underwater plants (there are exceptions). Other outsiders are the (wet) marginal plants ... they do not grow like in or under the water but especially love a wet, moist soil and plants we therefore usually located around the pond.
When planting a pond is always a mix of these plant groups need a nice concept and good result. In this article we will discuss in detail the tasks and characteristics for each group of pond life has to offer.
Invasive aquatic plants:
Some power plants have an enormous expansion. This does not in itself a disadvantage. Especially in larger ponds can also be an advantage. The plants are so that you .. less longer:)
Keep a smaller pond, especially in these plants close eye. Regular thinning will be necessary!
Acorus calamus - calamus
Equisetum palustre - lidrus
Hippuris vulgaris mare's-tail
Pseudoacorus Iris - yellow iris
Juncus - rus
Lysimachia nummularia - medal herb
Mimulus - Mask flower
Nymphoides peltata - water gentian
Polygonum amphibium - peat root
Ranunculus lingua - large buttercup
Sagittaria - arrowhead
Scripus - piping
Sparganium - hedgehog head
Typha - cattail
Veronica beccabunga - beekpunge
and finally waterweed.
II) Where, how they grow (not)?
The purpose of the aquatic plants in the pond environment (water) is very simple: they belong to the life of the pond! Aquatic plants are important for a good biological balance. They catch large quantities of nutrients from the water and thus provide nutrient waters where algae have little chance of life. The result is a clear pond. To operate, plants need light and heat. Light and sunshine heat the bottom of the pond. Therefore grow at depths of more than 1.20-1.50 m not our plants. Water warms more slowly than our regular soil (earth). Not surprisingly, the planting season for pond plants as late as May 1 to start.
In a pond in a shaded area or poor water plants will not grow due to lack of light and heat. Too much sun and heat can thus turn into a full summer to excessive heating of the water lead (oxygen deficiency). We can also easily adjust with floating plants which will provide shade and cooling.
III) Assignment to groups:
1. Floating plants
floating plants, these plants float freely on the water. They do not need to be planted. Put them into the water. They do form roots but with a few exceptions which are not clinging, just to get food from the water. Some are not hardy, but are very nice in the pond. Interior of left over in our mild climate types is difficult. You can buy them better every year. Some species can multiply explosively by division or runner. Remove excessive amounts regularly from the pond, otherwise it is too dark in the water below. The floating plants have a very important role in the pond. They reduce the influence of sunlight and also look extracting large amounts of nutrients. As a result, strong algae growth prevented.
Zuurstofplanten2. Oxygen Plants
This is a very important group of plants. Not because of their beautiful flowers and beautiful leaves, since most oxygen plants are not that impressive, but their function in the pond. They are incredibly important for a good biological balance. These plants get a lot of nutrients from the water and thus provide nutrient waters where algae have little chance of life. The result is a clear pond. A second feature of these plants is their production of oxygen which in part through the water is absorbed. That is so rich and oxygen that helps to distribute the healthy, natural biodegradation of waste materials in the pond more smoothly, reducing quickly rot in the soil layers will occur. The more oxygen plants, the better. You need at least 4 or 5 bunches per cubic meter oxygen plant pond water.
Species such as Elodea, Hornwort and sores do not need to plant grass, which can, if they are a heavier weight, so it dropped back. Never lead! Many groves oxygen plants are sold out with some lead, which is highly toxic to pond! Remove it and replace it with a stone, rubber band and let it drop. Also easy as the woods become too big, take it out, squeeze it (dead) off bottom tie everything back to the stone down and you'll have a nice clump. And the advantage is that they can not overgrow your pond.
OnderwaterplantenDit is a very important group of plants, because of their function in the pond. They are of course important for a good biological balance in the pond, like the oxygen plant. These plants get large amounts of nutrients from the water, and thus provide nutrient waters where algae have little chance of life. The result is a clear pond. A second feature of these plants is their production of oxygen. Submerged plants with capacities that we share in the oxygen plant. The more aquatic plants in the pond the better.
4. Swamp Plants
marsh plants, these plants grow in the riparian zone from shallow water to wet ground running. Because the pond level by precipitation and evaporation is always changing, for these plants a pitch from 0 up to 40 to 50 cm deep water or acceptable - which is almost the same thing - is necessary. Put the plants in aquatic plant baskets of a large size. For plants that can proliferate, it is even better to use closed containers, the roots will grow not as fast and keep the plants a little longer in the room that you referred them. The main thing is that you can maintain good vegetation marsh plants and the less likely is a mess. By planting in containers and baskets that you avoid tender plants in no time by the loan sharks are oppressed.
5. Wet edge plants
Wet oeverplantenDit is a difficult group of plants that what the other marsh and riparian plants distinguishable and can usually be counted on for convenience only. Yet there is one essential difference. The wet edge plants would have their roots in wet and moist soils, but tolerate a higher water level than the ground level, but for very short periods. Is such a long water too high, the plants rot away, and the ground is a good time fairly dry, then put them to die. Real marginal plants are dry so there is not. Of course there are differences between tolerance. Nature can not simply divide so easily compartmentalized.