Saturday, January 7, 2012

Fruit trees in the garden pruning and bend of plum trees (stone fruit)

Plums are among the stone fruits. Plum Trees questions generally low maintenance and are relatively easy to grow and prune. Usually, the plum trees with a more limited pruning. By pruning plum trees will give you a better tree, less fruit and fewer branches that break. The fruit can grow better and tastier flavors by pruning. Some plum varieties can be pruned as little better because they can die from severe pruning. Pruning in winter is generally not recommended for stone fruit. Prune in summer a dry day so the wounds can quickly dry up.


Plants of sweet cherries (Prunus avium)Plums are among the stone fruits. Plum Trees questions generally low maintenance and are relatively easy to grow and prune. Usually, the plum trees with a more limited pruning. By pruning plum trees will give you a better tree, less fruit and fewer branches that break. The fruit can grow better and tastier flavors by pruning. Some plum varieties can be pruned as little better because they can die from severe pruning. Pruning in winter is generally not recommended for stone fruit. Prune in summer a dry day so the wounds can quickly dry up.Naming plum - Prunus domestica:- The ordinary European plum has the scientific name: Prunus domesticaThe plums are like cherries, cherry, peach, nectarine and apricot to the group of stone fruit (Prunus species).

 
Meaning of scientific name: Prunus domestica insititia- Prunus: From prune (Gr.), cherries and plums, plum tree. Several stone fruits.- Domestica: From domus (L = house, home, native). Domesticated or cultivated plant. Is common in culture.- Insititia: From to (= L. in, on) and situs (L = places) used for grafting, rootstock. Lower part of a grafted plum tree that bears roots.- Cerasifera: From cerasus (L. = cherry) and ferre (= bear), bearing cherry.Read more about the origin and explanation of Greek and Latin plant names: "ABC of Latin plant. The use of botanical names"

Plant Family: Rosaceae or Rose family.Rootstock: Prunus domestica insititia 'Saint Julien A', Prunus domestica 'Brompton, Prunus domestica cerasiferaKnowledge of scientific plant family name is useful because some fungal diseases (bloesemmonilia, galena fungus) also in the closely related stone fruits may occur.Fruit trees pruning: Prune plum trees in winter!Pruning Time:



Pruning plum trees may only occur between mid-April and mid-September. Often after picking plums in August the necessary pruning. Prune plum trees and stone fruit Never in wintertime!
Choose a warm, dry days for the pruning so that the pruning wounds quickly dry up.
 
 
 
 
Bend of branches to prune fruit quicker to have:

A total of 4-5 system branches to the trunk in a position of 65-80 ° to the stem stand (Just above the horizontal). The older the plum trees, the more the leaders may drop slightly, but remain preferably just above the horizontal.

The fruiting wood in the trunk, branches above that 4-5 frame should have a horizontal position.
 
 
 Photo: When should bend the rope lace up. Have a large loop around the branch holds.
Prune trees prune many or few?





A plum tree that bears little or no fruit, does not bear fruit by pruning! Even the opposite! Pruning promotes vegetative growth and thus get (slightly) less fruit.

Pruning up to 1 / 3 of the branches. Try to pruning neglected trees over three years to distribute.

      Plum trees should not be pruned much! Compared with apples and pears to plums with a lot less further pruning.

      Prune if possible, or even as little as possible. Some plum varieties such as 'Reine Victoria' (= 'Queen Victoria') tolerate pruning well and not die easily.

      A neglected plum trees it is better not to drastic pruning, but pruning spread over 2-3 years. (Up to 1 / 3 cut). Too drastic pruning is sometimes badly ....

      Gestel branches bend almost horizontally is better than pruning. Choose a warm day for this bend, otherwise more takbreuk occur. Bend reduces local growth curves branch out and obliged to give more fruit.

       Cut a large branch off better than many small branches to prune away.



How strong plum twigs treated?

      Growing Strong rugtwijgen can break away as early as possible. That might happen if they are still herbaceous, the first year of growth.

      Growing Strong zijtwijgen that aside from the leaders, it is best to grow horizontally bend. The horizontal bend reduces the strong growth and more flowers buds are produced.

      Growing strong twigs to the trunk to grow and grow straight up it is best to remove. Let the takkraag (about 2-5 cm), so that a new shoot below which may arise naturally grows horizontally.

      Extensions of frame branches bend slightly so it is best to grow almost horizontally. (65-85 ° angle from the central leader t.o.v. / strain). In young plum trees, the position 65 °.

      Strong branches that are at the bottom of the stem of the rootstock and game storage is best to completely remove. Do this regularly so that the pruning wounds as small as possible.



Fruit trees pruning. How to remove the prunes pruning?

      Storage of the wild rootstock

      Broken and dead branches

      Too thick branches at the top of the trunk or central leader.

      Branches that bend at the outbreak can best be pruned away. Mainly steeply growing branches break off easily. Do not include a small takstomp of 3-15cm stand.

      crossing branches

      Vertical growing rugtwijgen remove that too much light.

      Branches growing straight up the trunk. This too sharp implanted top of the tree branches, seem half cup or stem to form.

      Too long and hanging fruit wood

      Too low hanging branches on the tree

      A branch that is affected by the fungal disease galena. Perhaps it is good for the life of your tree a little stretch.

      Trees that were fruiting bodies (mushrooms) show the galena fungus it is best to completely clean! They are a major source of infection for other trees! Let the prunings are not in the area, but destroy it!

      Also remove dried or moldy fruit, they are an important source of infection for the next harvest.



   

 

 Photo: Prune branches growing vertically timely way. Try the smallest possible pruning wound through over takkraag pruning.
Pruning equipment and wound care for pruning plums:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photo: 1. Grinding Stone for 2 shears sharp. Right-handed shears 3. Trimmer waist belt holster to hang 4. Pruning Saw.

      Use sharp pruning material so pruning wounds are so small and clean as possible.

      Pruning is not too close to the main branch. The takkraag should be preserved wherever possible, for proper wound healing.

      Small pruning wounds should not be smeared

      Large (saw) to be recommended for wounds to rub with a wound healing agent for infection of the galena prevent fungus.

      Disinfect your pruning equipment, when you suspect a plum tree (loodglanschimmel) have been cut.

 

 

 

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