Sunday, January 1, 2012

Fruit trees in the garden: mirabelles are self-pollinating and require little maintenance!

Mirabelles are easy and healthy trees in the orchard. By the numerous white flowers in April-May this stone fruit suitable for the ornamental garden. Mirabelle are self-pollinating and do not require cross pollination. They grow well on poor soils, provided they are not too wet. Fruit thinning may, but is usually not necessary. Mirabelle are usually ripe in August, but there are earlier and later ripening mutants or hybrids. Mirabelvruchten are smaller, rounder and sweeter than regular plums. The most recommended are mirabelrassen "Bella Mira", "Nancy-Mirabel ',' Mirakose 'and' Mira Grande.

Origin, naming and plum root stocks:

  The mirabelles, kroosjespruimen, wichters or Damson (Prunus domestica insititia) originated in the Middle East (Syria) and around 1600 in Central European countries. They are very closely related to the ordinary European plum (Prunus domestica). The well-known plum rootstocks' St. Juliën A 'and' Pixy 'also belong to the kroosjespruimen.
Etymological sense of Prunus domestica insititia:

Prunus: ancient Latin name of plants with reference to the cherries and plums, plum tree. All stone fruits nominate genus Prunus.
domestica: means domestic, indigenous, (cultivated) (Latin domus = house)
insititia: to inoculate used (root)

Taxonomic classification of the plum or kroosjespruimen:

Empire (Regnum): Plantae (Plants)
Stam (Phyllum): Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
Class (Classic): Magnoliopsida (dicots)
Order (Ordo): Rosales
Family (Familia): Rosaceae (Rose family)
Under Family (Subfamilia): Prunoideae (or prune stone fruit)
Gender: Prunus
Indicator species (species): domestica
Subspecies (subspecies) insititia
Botanical characteristics of plum and kroosjespruimen:

Usually a moderately strong growth, moderately large trees that are fertile and healthy. Much zijhout developed at medium heavy system branches.
By the dense tree growth is affecting red spider (spider mites) possible.

See also "Fruit ABC pruning calendar"

Usually they budded or grafted on plum rootstocks ordinary 'St. Julien A 'and tall for the rapidly growing rootstock' Brompton '. Strains are high at about 2 meters above the ground seeded, half logs are inoculated at about 1.25 meters and low bushes and logs are from 0.20 to 0.40 meters above the ground grafted.

Root suckers can be planted separately, as mirabelle (and wichters) are also on their own roots to grow.

Most are yellow mirabelle, but there are also some red and blue types.

They are small, round, sweet fruit. Mirabelle have remarkably dry and sweet flesh. This makes them particularly suitable for processing (stewing, jam / marmalade, canning and freezing). For fresh consumption mirabelle useful.

Flowering and pollination in mirabelles:

Numerous white flowers adorn late spring (April-May) the trees, making it suitable for the ornamental garden.
Most are self Mirabelle (S), but cross-pollination by another equal pruimenras is thriving even more fruits. Suitable late blooming pollinators include "Belle de Louvain ',' Altesse Simple," "Monsieur Hâtif ',' Reine Claude d'or at least ',' Reine Claude Crottee ',' Reine Claude d'Oullins' and 'Victoria'.

Pitch for mirabelle plums:

Mirabelles make fewer demands on the ground than regular plums. They also grow on poor soils, provided they are not too wet.

Harvest and use of mirabelles:

The fruit production is usually very large, so that branches can break.
The inner fruit quality is usually less than the normal plum.
Because the fruits are usually shed caused numerous minor injuries, so storage and transport difficult. For fresh fruit consumption can not usually buy.
Mirabelle is particularly suitable for freezing, canning (canning) and for processing into jam or marmalade.


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