Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Fruit trees in the orchard. Planting of stone fruit.

Plants, pollination and variety selection table in plum trees.
Prunus domestica
Recommended varieties and plum pollination.

1.Pruimenteelt suits lovers (Prunus domestica)
Prunus is an old Latin name of plants with reference to the cherries and plums, plum tree. All stone fruits nominate genus Prunus.The species designation means domestica domestic, indigenous, (cultivated) (Latin domus = house)Read more about the origin and explanation of scientific names of plants, "ABC's of Latin plant. The use of botanical names"
A large number of plum varieties are well suited for fans, because they are usually less susceptible to a fungus. Sprays are usually unnecessary. In general, most plum varieties less susceptible than apples.2.Kruisbestuiving usually needed at boot plumImportant for the production of the prune pollination. In general, they flower early. For good fruit set should usually equal 2 * flowering varieties are planted.Poor production is usually due to: poor pollination, too cold (freezing) or wet during flowering. Late flowering and self-pollinating usually give less turn years.
Cross-pollination usually produces thicker and more fruit.
A good pollinator must provide sufficient pollen (annually) and must occur simultaneously with the other pruimenras flourish. Hot and dry weather are ideal for good pollination. Late-flowering plum varieties are generally less susceptible to spring frost.
Some good self pollinators * (S) which are sometimes susceptible "Reine Cl. the Bavay ',' Harvest Plum ',' Felsina ',' Sainte Catherine '(RGF), Belle de Louvain, River Early Prolific, Altesse Simple, Monarch, Czar, Mirabelle de Metz, Prune the Prince (RGF), Geisenheimer Top, Early Transparent Gage, Reine Claude Crottee (R.Cl. Doree, R.Cl. Verte Crottee type), Anna Späth, Ontario, Marjories Seedling, Voyageur, Topper, Topking, Warwickshire Drooper, Red Mirabel, Altesse Double de Liège, Wignon ( RGF), Giant Prune, Barley Ruth Etter, Early Laxton, Victoria (syn. Reine Victoria), Sanctus Hubertus, Altesse Simple, Buhler Frühzwetsche, Bluefre and Opal.In hot weather during flowering is more likely to have a good self-pollination and fruit set.3.Snoeien of plum trees should not be in winter!Pruning plum trees and other stone fruits should only be done from mid April to late September. When pruning during the winter, there is risk of dying! (Especially the cv. 'Queen Victoria' is very susceptible to the disease galena) See also "Fruit ABC pruning calendar"4.Schimmelziekten and diseases in plum boot.
Exceptionally, some plum varieties are susceptible to these fungal diseases: bacterial cancer, leaf spot, Shothole, witches' broom disease, hunger plums disease, galena fungus moniliaschimmel (fruit rot / branch and blossom death), rust fungus and fruit rot.Exceptional are the following pests: bladgalmijt, aphids, dopluizen, wood beetles, pruimenmot, plum sawfly, winter moth (caterpillars), bark borers, spider mites and root nematodes.Exceptionally there may be some deficiency diseases (chlorosis) occur: manganese and iron deficiency. Too high pH of the soil of this is usually the cause.
The RGF-plum varieties (so-called "old varieties of Gembloux") are generally well tolerant / resistant to disease and are almost in every region for sale. ("Prune the Prince," "Sainte Catherine" and "Wignon ')5.Geringe plum harvest t.g.v. spring frostsHow to spring frost damage to blossoms to prevent or limit?
There is less damage from spring frosts if the ground under the plum trees weed free, moist and is closed. Grass under the trees during flowering should be cut as short as possible.During flowering, the tree mirror is not covered with grass, manure or compost.

6.Other sight hurt plums acc. picking time:  


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