Wednesday, September 26, 2012

Terminology / jargon for the pruning of fruit trees:

Single tree parts and pruning concepts in pome and stone fruit (pome fruit = apple, pear, quince, stone fruit = plum, peach, apricot)

Rootstock, fruit tree rootstock
This is the part below the graft fruit trees sits.

Storage / storage or wild carrot (basal shoots)
The fruit tree rootstock can shoots / twigs are below the graft union. This game can store the rootstock base or from the roots arise.

Graft, entknobbel (E.)
This is the place where the entras and the rootstock grow together, after finishing (grafting / budding).

Stem, stem length (1)
This is the part of the (fruit) tree from the ground to the implantation of the first / lower draagtak. The stem length can vary widely and depends primarily on the tree. The average stem length is 50 cm (low strain) or 130 cm (half standard) or 180 cm (tall).

Central leader / intermediate branch (H.)
This is the central or branch (vertical) axis of the fruit tree. There is a clear preference to a central leader with gradient. (Ie a gradual decrease in diameter, according to the height of the tree.)

Cup of fruit tree
The "head" is the upper part of the fruit tree. Proper management of the boomkop requires much insight and is important in kopgroeiers (Malus 'Golden Delicious', Pyrus 'Beurre Hardy', 'Doyenne du Comice'). A double header is undesirable and can arise if a competitor long tolerate.

Leaves frame (frame carrying branches or branches) (2)
These are lower, heavy branches (3-5) permanently attached to the central leader / trunk standing. They are thinner than the central leader. In close plant systems, they are very limited in number and length. In extremely dense plantings (cords) are even omitted.

Verlengenis / juices tractor / eindtwijg (4)
This sprig is on the end of a frame or central leader. For small (fruit) tree forms these two concepts (tractor juices and juice-waster) as synonyms. Many people nowadays prefer to speak of verlengenis if the last twig on the end mean.

Competitor (s) (5)
Strong, upright shoots (branches), which just below the verlengenis grow. These bearing implanted twig is almost as long, or longer if the verlengenis (The verlengenis is always higher implanted). If one competitor let alone, he verlengenis the crowd.

Fruit Wood (3)
The fruiting wood bears fruit and is replaced or not, depending on the pruning system. The age (age) depends on the fruit and the fruit variety, eg this year fruiting in Vitis, Actinidia and Rubus. Annual fruiting wood in Prunus cerasus (cherry trees / sour cherries), Malus 'Golden Delicious', Jonagold, Jonathan. Biennial fruiting wood in most apple and pear varieties (Malus and Pyrus).

Herringbone (8)
The gesteltak should be well branched (sprung) are. If the herringbone missing, one speaks of a different branch or canceration bare branch or takverkaling.

Pruning "by foot" (11)
This means everything pruning, as smooth as possible. At high cancer-infection pressure (apple), this is undesirable.

Pruning "on foot" (12)
The remaining stump has a length of 2 to 5 cm. The eyes are not clearly visible. On the stump pruning takkraag leave.

Worn fruiting wood (druiphout) (15)
This fruit have hung. It is recognizable by its fruit fairs in apple and pear trees. Worn wood sinks usually has a weaker or no growth usually weak and sometimes mixed buds (buds + buds) in a heavy costume. This is called binge drinkers. If worn twigs really downwards speaks of druiphout.

Fruit Fair, fruit gland
This is a bulge where a pip fruit (apple / pear) has espoused. The number of fruit fairs gives an idea of ​​the previous pregnancy. From a fruit fair may develop a publicly-twig.

Rughout, rugtwijgen (9)
These unwanted branches / shoots develop on the top of the fruit branches. They come mainly from curved branches (twigs) or large pruning wounds. They are strong and vertical growing twigs.

Vergaffeling, fork
If a twig or gesteltak branching and neither dominates. So they are both equally long and thick. Heavily on one side wood gesteltak almost / as thick as the gesteltak, an vergaffeling called.



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