Friday, April 27, 2012

Picea omorika of Servische spar

Serbian spruce Picea omorika and is often bought as a blue-green Christmas tree
Picea omorika of the Serbian spruce. The most beautiful and longest lasting Christmas tree.

A fairly small and compact upright spruce. With its drooping branches, it is also a very graceful tree. Needles are green on top and blue on the bottom so the tree is bluish appearance. The glossy, flattened needles are 2 to 3 inches long and 2 to 3 mm wide. They are blunt so they do not sting.
It’s a fast grower in the garden to 8 to 10 m high.
The Serbian spruce needles retain much better than ordinary green spruce. The Picea omorika is often planted in gardens as elegant and individual plant next to the beautiful blue color appears in older plants also another outstanding brown cones. These are 3 to 6 cm long and purplish in the beginning and then grows, brown color.

The Picea omorika is resistant to air pollution. Furthermore, it is a fir which, unlike most other conifers or thrives in alkaline soil.
Latin name: Picea omorika
Dutch name: Serbian spruce
Provenance: from Serbia and Bosnia
Type: Conifer
Family: Pine Family (Pinaceae)
Color: blue-green needles
Location: Sun to partial shade
Height: 30 m
Evergreen: Yes
Pests and diseases: in spring fir susceptible to aphids and spider mites in the summer

Differences between beech and hornbeam

Differences between beech and hornbeam or between a beech hedge and a beech hedge.

Difference between beech and hornbeam.
Beech and hornbeam are two native deciduous trees and because of their Dutch name often confused.
Both plants can be beautiful hedges planted. Would you like a beech or hornbeam hedge? They are very similar but if we plant a closer look there are some notable differences.
But they belong to another family, and of course have a completely different Latin name.
The beech was named as the scientific name Fagus sylvatica and belongs to the Fagaceae family or Beech. (napjesdragers which also include the oak and chestnut)
Hornbeam Carpinus betulus and belongs in the birch family Betulaceae, or the
The main differences between beech and hornbeam:
In winter the nave retains its withered leaves better than the hornbeam. This is a beech hedge round the year closed more than a hedge beech hedge. This reduces the necessary privacy and look through it and serves also as a windbreak.
In the spring, the leaves a few weeks earlier than in the hornbeam who earlier this year with fresh green state.
Hornbeam grows faster than the nave.
The hornbeam is cheaper to buy.
Hornbeam poses less demands on the ground.
Beech gets in the fall a beautiful autumn colors, from yellow to red hot. The hornbeam is bright yellow in autumn, but after the first frost makes the most of its leaves fall immediately.
The young beech leaves after pruning susceptible to burning.
Hornbeam is only a green leaf, while the beech red beech can also buy versions of Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea’.
Beech has a smooth edges and a smooth blade, however, has a rough hornbeam leaves with deep veins.

A hornbeam you after planting to grow to the desired height is reached. Only then can you start it at the desired height pruning.
In contrast, a beech hedge to the young buds already regulated to ensure that the hedge down well branched and as pretty close up.
The beech has high demands on the ground. It grows best on light sandy soil .. In clay soil, the result is often disappointing. To obtain a good result you should be at the plant to make sure that:
The beech likes sandy soil, not too wet, not too dry. In clay soil, the result often!
Beech has a good (re) growth is a fungus (mycorrhiza) is required. These are normally beech themselves but planting can be a special fertilizer with special fungus in it through the soil mix. With new hedges, the failure rate leading to substantially smaller! Beech NEVER before planting in a tub of water. All the essential mold on the roots rinsed otherwise! Make sure when buying that the roots are not dried out and that there is some soil on the roots.
If they hedge a long time. With proper care, even more than one person lives. By planting trees in hedges and always prune the growth of stem, crown and roots is greatly reduced.
A hedge of beech and hornbeam on either side of a curved path is called deciduous or berceau course is suitable for gardens with ample space. Such praise going to be used functionally, that is a connection. A leafy garden room corridor can connect, but also a building with a terrace for example.
How do you get the best hedge?
Both species may be one or two rows are planted, with ± 25 cm distance.
Plant in a triangular (= turns) The hedge is closer and can be cut narrower.
To maintain a high hedge, it is wise to it a conical shape. Why they shave the top and wider at the bottom narrower. This is more light on the lower part of the plant and it remains profitable for the bottom sheet to keep. Make sure that the plants used for hedges are sufficient distance so that the sunlight even on the underside of the hedge can. It is also useful to at least a foot path beside the hedge to have it be able to sprinkle some food (koekorrels) or to shear. If the hedge twice a year (June and late August) prune, you get a nice green wall.

Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba: Some new rare varieties that are suitable for smaller gardens.
Ginkgo biloba: Some new rare cultivars.
Back below the range “rare small trees for small gardens,” I want this time to introduce you to some new Ginkgo biloba cultivars.
Our nursery this year plus several tiny remaining cultivars, which are particularly suited to a small garden to plant. Some of these trees can therefore easily be used as a balcony or patio plant in a pot. Even in the rock garden a few species can get a place! The big advantage is that you have these trees in winter may be just outside it!
1.Botanische background:
The only living representative of the police Ginkgoales, Ginkgoaceae the kind Ginkgo biloba.
Ginkgo: Ginkyo comes from the Chinese word that means “silver apricot” (gin = silver, kyo = apricot). Ginkgo Ginkyo and why not? Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716) was a German physician and botanist from 1690-1692 in Japan and China was the United East India Company. He’s a clerical error which he made the y and g changed.
biloba: two-lobed, from the Latin bi ‘da’ = double, Loba = lobes. The leaves are fan shaped with a slit in the middle, so two-lobed.
In China: The 11th century was the boom Ya-Chiao called duck foot which means that as mandarin ducks are a symbol of love in China and Japan and the Ginkgo leaf on one foot like ducks.
2. And plant care tips:
The Ginkgo prefers a sunny site and moist, deep and well drained soil, but adapts easily, so it grows well in poor soil, dense soil, various acidity, with heat, drought, pollution, etc.
The Ginkgo has an extremely high resistance to diseases, insect pests, mold, fire, air and even radioactive radiation. Therefore, he often used as a street tree in cities, because he never needs to be sprayed with pesticides.
He tolerates snow and ice storms, and can withstand the effects of global warming.
Young trees are best tied to a pole in order to avoid imbalance and should get extra water in dry periods. The young tree can be pruned if necessary in early spring, mature trees are pruned.
3. New cultivars:
Ginkgo biloba ‘Barabits’ Nana’: A slow-growing Ginkgo still rougher than Mariken and Globus. Half a dwarf who barely 3m high. New for 2007/2008 season, limited number available.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Beijing Gold’: Great new shrub in the Ginkgo-range. This new release is yellow (!) Out, then fade subtly variegated in summer and then yellow in autumn. Spectacular new introduction. New for 2007/2008 season, limited number available. To 4m height.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Beijing Gold’
Ginkgo biloba ‘Californian Sunset’: This species is also variegated, and sport found in G. b. Saratoga ‘A weak-growing species, is only 6 to 8m. This makes this tree ideal for a smaller garden and can even be grown in a pot on the patio. This species is characterized by its very long and deeply cut variegated leaves. Very hardy! New for 2007/2008 season, limited number available.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Californian Sunset’
Ginkgo biloba ‘Fastigiata’: Narrow columnar form. Architectural gives this tree a vertical accent, slightly wider at the base, large leaves. I breed only the masculine form. This male cultivar of Ginkgo is practically pest-free, resistant to storm damage, and also thrives well in the shade. It is a durable street tree with a length of 8 to 10m. A good tree for growing in a limited air space. Ginkgo tolerates most soils, including compacted soil acidic or even alkaline soil. The tree is easily transplanted and has a vivid yellow fall color, a true golden brilliance. Unlike ordinary species, this male tree bears no fruit.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Fastigiata’
The columnar Ginkgo biloba ‘Fastigiata’ with beautiful autumn coloring
Ginkgo biloba ‘Roswitha’: Beautiful variegated form whose branches grow horizontally. Growth is the same as G. b. “Horizontalisation. Found as a sport in Germany. This species has a beautiful creamy yellow striped leaves. New for 2007/2008 season, limited number available.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Roswitha
Ginkgo biloba ‘Troll’: Smallest ginkgo until now, growing only 2 to 3 cm per year and is up to 80cm to 1m. Like all gingkos also states that form little requirements on the ground. Is properly and fully frost hardy. Excellent for rock gardens and bowls. A new Ginkgo in miniature so. He was discovered as a witches broom in Norway. “Troll” does not need to be pruned, it grows only two inches per year. The crown is up to one meter. The leaves are smaller and thick, creating a perfect relationship is created between his small stature and leaves. The leaf size can be changed by the pitch, the sunnier the location the smaller the leaves will be. With its aesthetic shape makes it very useful as a Bonsai. In autumn the leaves from green to bright golden yellow in October. The leaves remain very long on the tree, making them eg highly prized by flower arranging enthusiasts. New for 2007/2008 season, limited number available.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Troll’
Ginkgo biloba ‘Mariken’:! New! This is the most compact spherical or witches broom in the Ginkgo’s Its compact habit he can in the smallest city garden get a spot. The leaves are fan shaped with a beautiful warm golden yellow fall color. Highly recommended!
Ginkgo biloba ‘Mariken “
Ginkgo biloba ‘Umbrella: Umbrella weeping form of the Ginkgo biloba with beautiful golden yellow fall color. A Japanese walnut grafted on to our tribe. The crown is not like the cultivar ‘Pendula’ with the branches to the ground. He expands and grows more in width. As the name suggests: an umbrella-shaped.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Tubiformis’: The leaves of the Ginkgo resembles an inverted cone (cup) in which rain drops are very curious! Beautiful golden yellow fall color. A shrubby species with slightly open habit. The magazine is remarkable: some small part Ginkgo Journal bowl-shaped deformations of the blade.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Tubiformis “
Ginkgo biloba ‘Pendula’: This beautiful weeping form with pendulous branches can be rightly guided, he grows quite wide in which you can make a perfect pagoda. Beautiful warm golden yellow fall coloring! A weeping form that may be inoculated at the base, has stopped rising and so if form is grown beside the trunk with slender drooping branches. Often on half and seeded tall, like us, so from a predetermined height the branches hanging down. Brilliant! Extremely valuable, underutilized tree with the beautiful, distinctive, fan-shaped, green leaves with carved top.

Ginkgo biloba ‘Pendula’
Ginkgo biloba ‘Horizontalisation’: Wide-growing horizontal branches, bright golden yellow fall color. This tree has a horizontal crown and can eventually reach a height of about 3m it depends on what height he is ennobled. This tree is typically distinguished by a very bright green, fan-shaped, beautiful decorative leaves about 5cm to 10cm in size. The bark is gray with deep grooves so very graceful. In the autumn will see a dazzling gold / yellow fall color. The tree is naturally masculine and receive no benefits. Short, this tree has plenty of ornamental value throughout the year and is ideal for small gardens and therefore is really worth in the garden.

Types of trees: Abies nordmanniana or Nordmann fir

Latin name: Abies nordmanniana
Dutch name: Nordmann-saving / Caucasian Zilverden / Crimean Fir
Family, for family (Pinaceae)
Leaf color: green
Height: 10 m above
Evergreen: Evergreen / evergreen
Hardiness: Good Hard Winter
Location: Sun, partial shade
CROP type: conifer / conifer
Habitat: Normal Soil
The dark green, shiny needles naaldval care very little. Think he does this saving as ever planned to buy later in the garden that can later be dead leg 20 meters high.
Importe Abies nordmanniana earth is named after the Finnish botanist Alexander von Nordmann, 1838 in the conifer green in Western Europe.
This is the best and almost the most beautiful Christmas tree ever formed to buy but can be several advantages. It is a very shapely tree with the soft, not so good piercing needles fail than not. One other advantage is that the firm branches without bending Christmas heavier bales, drag garlands and other Christmas decorations can.

A Disadvantage is the higher of the purchase price we ask for this Christmas. This is because the Caucasian fir much slower growth, while growing rapidly twice as long than the normal Christmas spruce (Picea abies) after the Christmas season you are planting the Nordmann Fir in the garden and the slow growth can them several months reuse as a Christmas tree for the living room.
The thin, flat needles are 2 to 3.5 cm long and 2 mm wide with a blunt Tip How they do not sting.

Acer palmatum or Japanese maple, a beautiful tree in many leaf shapes and colors

We maples everywhere, in forests, parks and gardens. They are usually large, beautiful trees with dense foliage in the autumn brilliant red, yellow or orange.
Botanical name: Acer palmatum
English: Japanese maple
French: Erable du Japon
German: Fächer-maple, maple Japanischer
Aceraceae – Maple family
Large trees like maples are native to Europe and North America, as slow-growing shrubs or small trees in East Asia.

Plant Characteristics
The Japanese maples are slow-growing multi-stemmed shrubs or small trees. Acer palmatum fan-shaped crown can be 10 meters high, while Acer palmatum ‘Crimson Queen’ just 3 meters away. Bark and branches are gray to brown and smooth. The leaves are lobed, sometimes deeply cut in the autumn orange or purple. The leaves of some species are purple and stay the whole summer. They are bright red in autumn colors.
The flowers are drooping, stalked, reddish tuile, in April / May appear.
The fruits are winged nuts.
There are approximately 200 species of maples. In Japan, growing more than 20 species in the wild. There are large trees with, but also small, even tiny as bonsai pots and dishes are grown. They are known in Japan as Yatsubusa (dwarf) maples.
Of the many types of Japanese Maples I mention here the well-known cultivars:
Acer palmatum ‘Crimson Queen’ (2-3 m)
Acer palmatum ‘Inaba-shidare’ (2-3 meters)
Acer pamatum “Osakazuki ‘(4-8 m)
Acer japonicum
Acer shirasawanum.
These top three are suitable for not too large gardens.
Acer palmatum cultivars 250 are known.
“Atropurpureum ‘has crimson
‘Aureum’ yellow to yellow-green leaves.
The leaves of ‘Chishio improved’ its crimson.
There is also a variegated cultivar, ‘Orido-Nishiki’.
“Trumpet Burg ‘has glossy purple
the ‘Ukigumo green, white and mottled leaves.
Acer japonicum is the most famous ‘Aconitifolium’ with large, very deeply cut leaves, dark red to orange in autumn color.
Acer shirasawanum to hear the ‘Aureum’. The leaves are golden yellow in full sun, shaded pale green yellow.
This Japanese cultivars grow best in well drained, humus rich soil that may feel free acid (pH from 4.5 to 6). Thus a peaty soil is ideal.
The best planting time is October / November or March / April. Today, these small maples in pots in garden centers typically offered. When planting it is important to loosen the root ball so the roots of the tree in good contact with the new floor can get.
In maples, the sap flow very early in the year started. Why should they be pruned in January.
Diseases and pests
There are sometimes for aphids. Some species are affected by the so verwelkingziekte, but this is rare and is usually associated with poorly drained soils.

What is bonsai?

What is bonsai?
Bonsai is a Japanese word consisting of two parts: coupon means flat dish, sai means tree. It is usually translated as “tree in pot”. But not just any lignified plant in a bowl. Tree and pot together to form a harmonious whole, and refer to nature. A successful bonsai creates a sense of wonder and beauty. It speaks of bonsai art. History
The origin of bonsai is in China. Already in the beginning of our era, they took in nature, especially in the mountains, trees which were extremely difficult growing conditions remained small. They later learned growing techniques, available in normal ordinary trees, stunting to obtain. Have developed different schools with their own bonsai design.
Around the year 1000 increased exports to Japan increased. Here we further refined the techniques. Bonsai as art was recognized and became more general.
By the end of the year 1800 came bonsai nurseries, some of which still exist.
Around 1900 in Japan the first bonsai show going. They are highly regarded to this day.
From the west came many centuries ago, the first (trade) contacts with Japan created. It was certainly introduced to bonsai. Yet it was not until after World War II for bonsai, first in America, and later by Britain in Europe gave practitioners. The oldest bonsai clubs in the low countries are now about 30 years old.
Japan is still the Bonsai-conscious country.
Indoor and buitenbonsais
Gradually, everyone knows that not some miniature bonsai tree, but by special techniques of ordinary small trees.
True bonsai enthusiasts prefer “buitenbonsais”: hardy trees that grow only in severe and prolonged frost in a sheltered environment housed. Working with indigenous tree species has the advantage that it is completely adapted to our climate.
Yet even bonsai offered to decorate the interior: the “room or binnen bonsais”. They are imported from subtropical regions of the Far East. Since these trees with commercial profit target widely cultivated. True bonsai quality is usually not the first objective. After purchase, there are often problems of adjustment. Both for the tree that is kept in less favorable circumstances, and for the inexperienced owner who does not know what to do if they notice abnormal symptoms in his tree.
Succeeds it managed to get through the initial adjustment period can be much pleasure in the care of his tree. Daily care and attention will be rewarded with an ever more beautiful and more valuable trees.
Caring for bonsai, horticulture principles
Bonsai are ‘normal’ plants, and therefore requires similar care as their counterparts in the current horticulture. You know the usual requirements of the species and care for your tree is then you’re a long way. You should also take into account in addition to some specific needs that arise because the tree is only a minimal amount of land available, and some special procedures sets.
Bonsai styles
Especially the design of bonsai in Japan developed in the West followed. Trees in nature can take many forms, mainly driven by the growing conditions. They grow in groups or standing. By observing this are a number of ‘styles’ appointed. They developed appropriate training rules for each style, as it follows them to lead a harmonious whole.
Styles for single trees: erect, curved upright, inclined trunk, cascade (hanging) and semi-cascade, broom (many branches that stem from the same place at the spring), etc.

Multiple trees: two stem, three tribe, five tribal, etc. Harmonic eyes uneven numbers better. Once one does not spontaneously see how many trees are involved, it is called a forest. Bonsai dimensions
Depending on the size bonsai are divided into several categories: bonsai is an average between 30 and 60 cm.
Very small (even large thimble) bonsai called “Mame bonsai. Below 21 cm is referred to as “Shohin. There is a tendency very large, impressive bonsai to form, but a “normal” is more refined bonsai. The smaller the bonsai, the more difficult the design.

In the Netherlands, “the Dutch Bonsai Association”
Flanders has the “Vlaamse Bonsai Association”
Both work with regional departments.
Overarching for Belgium: “ABBC”, the Association of Belgian Bonsai Clubs
There is also a European umbrella association, in turn affiliated to the bonsai world federation;
There are (commercial) clubs at the initiative of bonsai dealers.
Paul’s Bonsai Site:
Paul’s Bonsai microbe is a fairly recent ‘alternative’. Yet he has the information he was instructive and useful for themselves, (and probably also for other beginners) has experienced, on a web site posted.
Ivan, bonsai has a longer experience, especially with raising the self and forms of indigenous trees. He wants the knowledge gained would like to add Paul’s initiative. Both have bonsai as a hobby (not specialists). Yet they want to participate in our “Steward garden site” and commit themselves to permanent attention for beginners. But the owners of one or a few bonsai that without a real hobby to make, somewhat like care tips.

Monday, April 16, 2012

Small trees for urban gardens

Small trees for urban gardens



Small trees suitable for the front yard or a garden to plant.
Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Umbraculifera “in an avenue planted in the woods
Trees in the front yard
A tree in the front yard provides a great atmosphere and is both a landmark business. Such a tree should never be too big for the space available. He should be beautiful and preferably several times a year something extra to offer. Deciduous trees are often preferred because the winter sun is low over the house shine.
Shape and size are important
A front yard tree may attract attention, but never interfere. Nobody likes to have to stoop to low-hanging branches or roots to trip. Traditionally trained trees facades placed, eg trained lime trees (Tilia species). Trees with a rounded crown are very ‘in’: including maple Acer platanoides ‘Globosum, the beautiful Catalpa bignonioides’ Nana ‘Robinia pseudoacacia’ Umbraculifera ‘and even a sierkers (Prunus eminens’ Umbraculifera. Even topiaries are perfect eg a flat pruned sycamore (Platanus) or mulberry (Morus). Because once a year to prune keep their shape and moderation. The name of a tree sometimes says something about the habit. The terms’ Fastigiata ‘and’ Columnaris “betray such that the tree narrow column or column-shaped grow. Good examples are the red maple Acer rubrum ‘Columnare, the narrow, sturdy oak Quercus robur’ Fastigiata ‘and (most especially) the tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera’ Fastigiatum” . zuilvormers Other appointments include the Japanese sierkers Prunus serrulata ‘Amanogawa “and rowan Sorbus × thuringiaca’ Fastigiata ‘and even a special red beech (Fagus sylvatica’ Purple Dawyck).
In most cases, space is limited and preference will mainly go to very small residual trees, 5 to 6 m final height is often the maximum. It fit rowan and flour berries (Sorbus species and cultivars except orange, too red, yellow and even white berries), the beautiful Judas tree (Cercis siliquastrum) with orange-yellow fall color, ornamental apples (Malus) with various leaf and fruit color, Catalpa bignonioides ” Aurea ‘gold-green leaves, maple cultivars as Acer platanoides “Deborah” and “drummondii”, hawthorn (Crataegus) and numerous other species such as gloss medlar Photinia villosa (white flowers, red fruit, orange autumn leaves) and the relatively unknown Stewartia monadelpha with white flowers, orange-red fall foliage and beautiful peeling bark. What more, the false christ thorn (Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Sunburst’, birch, willow, Zelkova, etc. Plenty of choice.
Good plants
Provide a wide planting hole. Improve the soil with compost (or turf for lovers of acid soil), if necessary, put a tree pole and make sure the soil around the root ball fits properly (gaaslap delete). After implantation generous watering.
The garden in March
Now, pruning roses. The dead material perennials remove (be careful not to damage young shoots). Any perennials share and re-implanted. It has plenty of time for planting trees, shrubs and perennials. Prune newly planted hedges sharply from below them tightly to unroll. Give your plants a good organic fertilizer base. Make water troughs for birds and birdhouses clean.


Pruning fruit trees in the garden: winter pruning of fruit trees (apple)

Annually by your apple and pear trees to cut you a good quality of fruit annually. The health of the tree and fruit is better and the lifetime is longer. To correct pruning fruit trees is the most important parts to be appointed. Explanation of the pruning is easier to understand and apply. Pruning always way: natural storage of the rootstock, to low-lying branches, belly wood, vertical growing rughout and competitors. The trunk and central leader should grow up mostly single. Too far to the growing fruit wood fruit laterals or branches is usually shortened to short twigs. Journal Buds are pointed and narrow. Flower buds are fat (round) and are mainly of short fruiting wood (twigs from 1 to 20 cm long).
Pruning of fruit trees: pruning of a simple (low strain) apple
(Malus domestica)

1.Onderdelen of an apple tree / fruit tree
  A normal fruit tree (spindle shape) consists of several major components:
Rootstock, graft union, tribe (1), central leader (H.), branches or laterals (2) and fruiting wood (3)

NOTE: The used simple numbers (1) (2) etc. refer to the numbers as used on accompanying drawing.

See below for a detailed description of these terms. Table: "Some parts tree and pruning concepts in pome and stone fruit"

At the end of the trunk and / or central leader and the leaders is a strong one-year twig: the verlengenis (4). In the immediate vicinity, we usually have a strong twig we call competitor. (5). Usually, the competitor may be pruned or he will verlengenis replaced.

What we see clearly?

- Trunk (central leader) and main branches are sturdy;

- The fruiting wood is weak.

2.Waarom prune apple and other fruit trees? (Target?)
     The light must all parts of the fruit tree can reach
     We thus obtain each year the fruits of good quality and quantity.
     An open pruned tree is easier to pick.
     The health of the apple is better and the lifetime is longer.

3.When prune apple trees?

     Young apple trees (less than 4 years), it is best in spring (March / April) pruning. Early pruning (December or January) there can be frost occur. See also "Fruit pruning calendar"
     Mature apple trees can be pruned when the leaves dropped. This is usually from December to March. Pruning during the day while not freezing. (Frost damage is possible).
     Weak growers (with lots of mixed buds) can be the first pruning (December or January). Fast growth (with little mixed buds), one can prune the last (March). Early pruning fruit trees promotes growth. Late pruning (April / May) inhibits the growth off.
     Pruning preferably in dry weather. Pruning Wounds that long stay wet are very susceptible to infections of canker.
     Cutting is preferably if it is not or only little freezing. If it's too hard freezes the wound tissue can not grow.


4. The pruning of a spindle shape can be reduced to the following advice:

     A spindle shape is an apple / pear tree that is piramidaalvormig. (Tree Form).
     The central leader / intermediate branch remains singular: competitor / competitors prune (5).
     The main branches in apple trees (Malus domestica) previously implanted just because we get light to the central leader / strain.
     Central leader and main branches (fruit branches) periodically with fruiting wood lined.
     Pruning always at an outwardly directed button, so that a more open growth occurs.

     We prune the apple tree road:

     - The competitor (s) of the extension niches (5). These are removed because they are an open crown in the road.
     - Too steep placed branches (6), crossing, broken or rubbing branches.
     - Vergaffelingen (heavy ramifications of a gesteltak)
     - Dead and diseased wood and inward growing twigs.
     - Remove as much as possible rugtwijgen and belly wood. Fruit Wood that grows sideways, the best results.

     A spindle shape is an apple / pear tree that is piramidaalvormig. (Tree Form).
     The central leader / intermediate branch remains singular: competitor / competitors prune (5).
     The main branches in apple trees (Malus domestica) previously implanted just because we get light to the central leader / strain.
     Central leader and main branches (fruit branches) periodically with fruiting wood lined.
     Pruning always at an outwardly directed button, so that a more open growth occurs.

     We prune the apple tree road:

     - The competitor (s) of the extension niches (5). These are removed because they are an open crown in the road.
     - Too steep placed branches (6), crossing, broken or rubbing branches.
     - Vergaffelingen (heavy ramifications of a gesteltak)
     - Dead and diseased wood and inward growing twigs.
     - Remove as much as possible rugtwijgen and belly wood. Fruit Wood that grows sideways, the best results.

Prune the fruiting wood:

     The fruiting wood is as much as possible to the horizontal laterals (7) and top view in the view of a herringbone (8).

     Prune away: the fruiting wood that is too strong, on top of the main branches {rughout} (9) because a lot of light take away the fruiting wood on the bottom of the main branches {belly wood} (1O) because the lack of light received.

     - The pruning of a branch or twig can be done "by foot" (11) as the gesteltak sufficiently covered with fruit wood or "on foot" (= specific stub) (12) if we are new, weak fruiting wood needs at the site of pruning.
     - A special case: many strong branches, we will remove any twigs, while the remaining are deflected to the horizontal position (13).
     - Which is too long (frame), we cut best branch back to standing on a lower branch with the desired direction (14)
     - Spent, wood hanging fruit, we must rejuvenate by cutting back on a well-placed twig on the curve (l5)
     - It is obvious that we are already sick, dead or injured fruiting wood away. (For example, the timber is affected by canker.)

Drawing simple apple tree pruning (low strain)

Araucaria araucana of slangeden, apeboom

Araucaria araucana is also slang oaths, or apeboom apeverdriet mentioned.
Hose Eden / Apeboom or Araucaria araucana
Monkey puzzle tree, Chilean pine (English)
Desespoir du singe (French)
Araukarie, Ande Tanne, Affenschwanzbaum (German)
Araucariaceae – eden snake family

The snake oaths, an evergreen conifer, sometimes we see in front gardens, once planted as a status symbol. He is not what you’d call a friendly tree, on the contrary: he makes an enemy that impressed with his stiff, hard serpentine branches and leaf-like needles that can hurt you if you touch them. Yet it is an interesting tree, because he hears as the giant sequoia (Sequoia and Metasequoia), the oldest living plants from prehistoric times.
Origin Araucaria araucana
The snake oaths by the botanist Archibald Menzies from Chile (the southern part of the Andes) to Europe. There he is twice that in forests with us (to 50m). He is also native to Australia, New Guinea, Caledonia and Norfolk Island. It grows there in rainy mountains with high humidity on nutrient-rich soil. In 1990 the serpent oaths by the Chilean Ministry of Agriculture declared a national monument.
naming Araucaria
The name is derived from Aurauco araucaria, a region in central Chile, where the Indians live Araucani.
plant Characteristics
The hose may oaths us reach a height of 25 meters. Those are the female trees, because most men reach 18 m. The broad, open pyramidal crown is composed of main branches in whorls standing. In older trees is more rounded top, the trunk free of branches. The older branches hang down while the branches in the crown tilted up position.
The needles were egg-to lanceolate, leathery, glossy green with a very sharp point. They stand close together, overlapping each spiral ronddom the twig.
The male flowers are cylindrical with many stamens standing spiral.
The female flowers are large, round, veelschubbige inflorescences that are raised up, brown spherical cones (like coconut) develop occupied with sharp scales. In the second or third year after flowering the mature cones are set.
The bark is gray-brown, strongly bent at the bottom and looks a bit like an elephant leg.
When the hose oaths to his sense, he is every year a new floor.
Araucaria species
There are 19 known species of pine snake.
Higher (up to 35 m) than the known snake oaths, is Araucaria bidwillii, native to Australia. Its cones are large and heavy (up to 8 kg). He was also an Bunya Bunya, False Monkey Puzzle Tree of-Tree called.
Location Araucaria
The snake grows oaths on all well drained soils and humid. He likes a sunny spot and is a slow grower.

Abies koreana Korean fir or a fine, slow growing conifer for small gardens or as solitary plants

General description of Abies koreana – Korean Fir
Latin name: Abies koreana
Dutch name: Korean fir / den Korean / Korean fir

Family: Pinaceae (pine family)
Leaf color: green, gray / silver
Height: 2 to 4 m
Evergreen: Evergreen
Hardiness: hardy
Location: Sun, partial shade
Crop type: conifer
Special Features: Striking purple cones, leaves striking
Habitat: Normal Soil
This fir is as the name suggests comes from the mountains of the southern tip of South Korea. Abies koreana is a prominent member of the fir family.
A stately, pyramidal, slow growing conifer that an adult height of 6 meters can achieve. The striking autumn purple upright cones are already large amounts of young firs are present. The 2 inch short, flat and soft-touch needles are towards the top and wider at the bottom while the top silver shiny green. The evergreen feature, combined with the fine needles and cones, this beautiful Korean fir is a very decorative plant. The beautiful Korean fir is the slow growth is ideal for smaller gardens and even in a planter on the patio or balkon.en is usually solitary focal planted. After ten years it is usually not higher than 2.5 meters.
On the ground are few requirements, but as well the water evaporates nutritious and slightly acidic. The Korean fir example, can not thrive in a rich clay and wet soils.
It is a very beautiful plant as a backdrop to the heather garden.
Qualities such as Christmas tree:
Very good needle retaining tree.
Abies Koreana is a beautifully shaped Christmas tree that almost no loss of needles in the living room. The soft needles are bright green and have a silvery white underside, giving the tree a very decorative value. During the Christmas period have these firs are often beautiful purple blue cones. Unlike most other pines, we find that even back upward cones on young, small specimens of only 1 meter high. The cut branches lose their needles and cones are so like the ideal Christmas decorations and for making Christmas pieces.

Winter color trunks

Columnar shaped trees in the garden.
Trees in column form
Trees provide height effect in the garden. This works much better with live trees than any construction too. A tree always has more to offer. And it’s really not that high at the same tree, the garden will take. There are plenty of trees that are very narrow, columnar grow like the famous cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) from the Mediterranean and Italian poplar (Populus nigra ‘Italica’) that are planted for thousands of years.
Whoever discovers entire series looks fantastic for a small upright silhouette. Let your choice is not restricted to small trees remaining (very nice!), But demand for sleek elegance of the trees for your garden. There are quite a lot of thin arrow conifers. Then we will not go into because the changing of the seasons that columnar deciduous trees show, is even more attractive, especially if the flower or fall color is a striking role.
Good columnar form, for example, the aforementioned Populus nigra ‘Italica’, the beautiful flowering sierkers (light pink to white) Prunus serrulata ‘Amanogawa, the oak Quercus robur’ Fastigiata ‘, the white flowering Robinia pseudoacacia’ Pyramidalis “and rowan Sorbus aucuparia ‘Fastigiata ‘(white flowers, orange-red fruit, yellow fall color).


Tools and materials
■ cutting from a rose rootstock
■ sharp knife
■ shears
■ semi-ripe shoot from rose cultivar
■ rubber band
■ pot and compost
■ plastic bag
1 Start hardwood cuttings, taken from one-year-old shoots of a rose rootstock, into growth in a warm greenhouse in midwinter. Remove the lower buds, then heel in to a soil bed (voice of the trees). Graft in spring, when semi-ripe shoots of the rose you want to propagate are available. Prepare the rootstock by culling it down to 6 in.
2 Make a single shallow, upward-slanting cultivar in. long at the lop of the rootstock, thereby exposing the plan! tissue responsible for healing (the cambium), which allows the slock to heal together.
3 In long from the rose cultivar you want. Remove all of the leaves apart from the uppermost one.
4 Make a single downward-slanting cut approximately half in. long on the bottom section of the scion, just behind a bud. This cut will expose the cambium.
5 Gently place the two sections of plant together, so that the cut surfaces match. then they arc correctly positioned, carefully bind I he graft with a rubber hand. This will hold the graft firmly until the two sections join.
6 Place the graft into a pot of compost. Water it well, cover with a plastic bag, and place on a warm windowsill. By The Garden of Eaden

Beautiful autumn colors in October

Beautiful autumn colors in October with the color-changing leaves of many deciduous trees.
Beautiful autumn colors in October.

Mainly deciduous trees and shrubs have now shown that the winter is beautiful. Everyone thinks their foliage breathtaking spectacle. A walk through the deciduous forest is great for the eye (all those colors!), Your nose (wonderfully crisp autumn air and the smell of mushrooms) and your ears (run by a crackling carpet of fallen leaves). The garden is the equally. With the right plants, it is there now a warm color opulence.
Many trees and shrubs that belong in our kind of climate, go into hibernation and shed their leaves. They get there first have many useful substances (mainly sugars) and store it as starch (carbohydrates) in their trunks, branches and roots. Sugar acts like antifreeze in their juices and protect from frost. The chlorophyll breaks down, especially red and yellow dyes come in its place. Moreover, various toxins in the leaves stuffed for disposal. All this together makes everyone fall back to an unparalleled flaming colors. The best is that after a sunny and warm autumn, a so-called ‘Indian Summer’.
enjoying the autumn
Now is the perfect time to garden centers, nurseries and in your area to see which kinds you like best
If they are bald and at rest, you can buy them in your garden and plants (plants as it never freezes!). You know what colors you expect next year. Shades of yellow and orange to orange-red often dominate. This is especially the case with maples (Acer), dried tree (Amelanchier), birch (Betula), poplar (Populus), beech (Fagus), but also in Liriodendron, Carya and deciduous conifers and Ginkgo Larix.
Red predominates in some maples (Acer) and American oak (Quercus) of Eastern America and Liquidambar. If leaves show bright colors they still live. Only after they die and wither they are usually brown.
Few recommendations that provide intense colors (though there are many more):
Orange: Acer japonicum ‘Aconitifolium’ and ‘Vitrifolium’, Acer palmatum ‘Osakazuki’, Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’, ‘Red King and Scanlon, Amelanchier lamarckii and A. laevis; Berberis thunbergii ‘Electra’, Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’, Fothergilla major, Prunus kurilensis ‘Ruby’, Prunus sargentii ‘Rancho’.
Red: Aronia arbutifolia; Berberis ‘Red Tears’, Berberis thunbergii ‘Emerald’, Cotoneaster horizontalis ‘Robustus’, Euonymus hamiltonianus ‘Indian Summer’, Nyssa sylvatica.
Pair of Red: Calicarpa bodinieri ‘Profusion’, Euonymus alatus ‘Compactus’, Euonymus bungee anus.
Purple Red: Euonymus grandiflorus, Fraxinus americana ‘Autumn Applause’, ‘Autumn Purple’ and ‘Rose Hill’, Fraxinus angustifolia ‘Raywood’, Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Worplesdon’.

Beautiful autumn coloration of the Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Worby Rose
TIP: many beautiful perennials discoloration (eg, Bergenia) and even have many conifers’s a different shade of winter than in summer. Who should watch: plenty of surprises!
Garden Tips for October
Bring the last container plants to their wintering area.
Plenty of water hoses and nozzles to dry.
Put pots of parsley and chives for the kitchen window: you have fresh greens all winter.
Vulnerable furniture clean and store.
Green tomatoes can ripen inside.
In sensitive plants winter protection application.
Organic mulch spread on the floor gives extra protection, a layer of fallen leaves as well.
Remove fallen leaves are evergreen plants regularly and your lawn.

Catalpa – trumpet tree

Catalpa bignonoides – trumpet tree
tree with trumpet tree pods
Catalpa bignonioides (Bot.)
Indian bean tree (Eng.)
Catalpa commun (French)
Trompetenbaum, Zigarrenbaum (German)
Bignoniaceae – Trumpet family tree
Every year I look in amazement at the bean tree at the beginning of summer flowering when most trees and shrubs are blossoming around long. He is festively adorned with large blooming tree in meiwitgele flowers.
From the long brown pods which fall storms soon be torn and scattered you a bundle as a decoration hanging in your living room or conservatory.
This special, deciduous deciduous tree usually find in our gardens and large private gardens. The trumpet tree can, under favorable location and care, and when not cutting, to 18 m high and 10 meters wide. With us, people plant a trumpet tree usually decorative heart-shaped light green, yellow or red leaf, or because they bolcatalpa like. On pruned trees will be no flowers appear.
That is unfortunate, because if we let it go trumpet tree, appear late June impressive white flower clusters that are yellow and purple drawn.

Most members of the family of Bigoniaceae grow in the (sub) tropics. The bean tree is native to the temperate regions of North America and East Asia. He was imported from China via England.
If you own a flower viewing, you discover that it has the shape of a trumpet. Hence the name ‘bean tree. The word is derived from Catalpa Catawba Indian name. The Indians used parts of this tree as medicine. Bignonioides indicates that this tree resembles a family of tropical trees.
Botanical characteristics
The leaves are opposite or in whorls three-digit and very large, ovate with a cordate base. The top is pointed. At the bottom are the leaves softly hairy. They start from April to sprout. When she smells unpleasant friction. The flowers appear in erect, broadly conical plumes that are androgynous. They are 3-5 cm. The color is white, yellow stripes inside and violet spotted. She smells light and resemble orchids. The pistil is brown in color. The fruits are thin-walled pods with small, pointed wings and hairy seeds. They remain until spring in the tree. The bark is gray-brown.
The thick stems of the bean tree are brittle and have a remarkably large, light colored pith. During a mild autumn grow the immature pods tops long. There is a risk of frost damage. Nevertheless, the tree in the spring without problems again.
There are species with green and golden leaves.
Catalpa b. ‘Aurea’ is about 12 m high. Its leaves are golden yellow leak. Catalpa b. ‘Nana’ is a small tree that lasting at most 4.5 meters high. The leaves are bright green. A small tree or shrub with a persistent broad, oval crown and white flowers Catalpa bungei. Catalpa speciosa grows as a shrub-like on screen. The bark is sometimes burst by frost. The flowers are white with no yellow and purple spots.
Catalpa ovata is a large tree 12 m high and 18 m wide can be. The leaves have prominent orange stripes. The black-brown fruits hang in late summer when pods on the tree. Its flowers are yellowish white.

If you have a trumpet tree in your front – or back to plant, choose a spherical shape, unless you have a large garden where he lived until his natural, lush size can grow!
Location and plant
The trumpet tree something like loamy, rich, moist soil and likes a sunny spot to thrive. He also likes to partial shade. It can heat well tolerated and is usually hardy. At first it grows fast, but with age comes a bit slower.
He is best when imposing solitary on a large lawn. The crown size can be 15-20 m in free outgrowth.
The trumpet tree goes without pruning. It is recommended to regularly remove dead branches and old. If space is tight in the garden, it can end in January briefly cut back (pruned) and even be cut. He will definitely leak again, even it takes so long that you think that Bob has made! That has certainly not, because he always runs late in the spring and loses its leaves in early autumn.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately this tree is also susceptible to voracious insects and fungi.
Thus, the catalpa sphinx moth larva of the large amounts of leaf eating. The caterpillar is yellow with black spots.
Another culprit is mildew, identified by brown spots on the leaves that fall off after a while. This is due to humid and hot weather affected the condition of the tree is not very appealing.
Worse is that wilt at Catalpa quite common. In these leaves curl and wilt it will dry out. As a mold of the vascular bundles do slip close to the trumpet tree, even to perish. This fungal disease can be combated by an infusion of moss in your garden that you have 24 hours water soak.
catalpa flower speciosaToepassing as medicine
Tea made from the ground bark, works antiseptic, laxative, sedative, vermifuge and is used against snake bites.
The bruised leaves help in the treatment of wounds and bruises.
Tea made from the seeds, are given for asthma and bronchitis.
The juice from the seeds, mixed with that of the plant eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis) and rue (Ruta graveolens) is a lotion for tired eyes and eye diseases.
A special feature of the bean tree is that it flies and mosquitoes at a distance.

Spring Flowering Trees

Spring-flowering trees spring to announce
Blossom Splendor in the spring
When the cherry trees bloom or beautiful, it’s really spring. A full flowering tree in spring is as impressive as all fields crocuses, daffodils and other flowers. A flowering magnolia tree against a blue sky is breathtaking. Early last century there were three essential types of trees in a garden, a magnolia, a sierkers cedar and gray. The beauty of the trees gave, you can now relive in new forms that fit well in small gardens. The following trees have flowers have something in common: you have little to do once you’ve planted them. Pruning is hardly necessary (only remove frost damage)

Hanami – cherry blossom festival Japanese
Late March / early April in Japan the cherry blossom (sakura). This explosion of color as a national celebration. They meet in a mass picnic in the parks under the flowering trees. Japanese symbol for the short, exuberant bloom wealth and transience of life. We enjoy it even without this symbolism no less.
Some flowery ideas
Cherry (Prunussen) come in dozens of shapes and they bloom in April incredibly wealthy (and often in May) with white, light yellow, pink, lilac or purple flowers. Some are shrubs, sometimes real pedigrees. The choice is yours. Very beautiful is the acclaimed weeping form Prunus serrulata ‘Kiku-shidare “already in early April rose blooms with hot pink flowers. A close relative is the famous P serrulata ‘Kanzan’, which blooms later and as well as logs and shrub is grown (the latter to 10 m high). The elegant vase shape of the crown branches is very typical. Also ‘Kanzan’ rich and pink flowers. “Amanogawa ‘grows from a slender columnar shape and very light pink flowers (geurend!). “Taihaku ‘is a big shrub that already in early April with huge white flowers bloom.
Many species of magnolia
Perhaps the most famous group of fake beaver or dogwood trees, like the fabulous flowering magnolias are also called, is the Magnolia soulangeana Group. They are large shrubs or small trees to 5 to 8 m high and they bloom (April-May) with masses of large, upright, bell-shaped flowers on bare branches. Very nice example ‘Lennei Alba’ and ‘Amabilis’ (both white), the small remaining ‘Genie’ (3 m, red hot!) And lots of pink flowers, such as Brozzoni “and” sundew.

A beautiful, the Judas tree Judas tree (Cercis) are a genus of seven species of deciduous trees from Europe, China and North America. One of the most beautiful is the new Cercis canadensis ‘Forest Pansy’, a beautiful, roodbladige Judas tree (soft velvety red in the course of the season is a bit greener) that eventually about 3 meters high. In April-May appear beautiful, pink, edible flowers on the still bare branches. The flowers taste slightly sour. Delicious in a salad. This tree (also suitable as espalier) with its special color always attracts attention. Ideal as a solitary and suitable for any size garden. Plant it in a sunny, sheltered spot in well drained soil.
More flowering trees
In April-May bloom among other things: ornamental apples (Malus), the beautiful snowflakes tree (Halesia carolina), the Anna Pavlovna tree (Paulownia tomentosa) with large, blue flowers, cherry trees like the white flowered Amelanchier arborea ‘Robin Hill’, chestnuts: nice the Aesculus x carnea red flowering ‘Aureomarginata “with gilt-edged blade.
April Garden Tips
Mowing the lawn.
Moss in the lawn fight.
Box hedges cut.
Balcony boxes ready.
Perennials clean and run after a loss due to frost.
Pruning shrubs.